Machine Learning with Python - Extra Trees

It is another extension of bagged decision tree ensemble method. In this method, the random trees are constructed from the samples of the training dataset.

In the following Python recipe, we are going to build extra tree ensemble model by using ExtraTreesClassifier class of sklearn on Pima Indians diabetes dataset.

First, import the required packages as follows −

from pandas import read_csv
from sklearn.model_selection import KFold
from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_score
from sklearn.ensemble import ExtraTreesClassifier

Now, we need to load the Pima diabetes dataset as did in previous examples −

path = r"C:\pima-indians-diabetes.csv"
headernames = ['preg', 'plas', 'pres', 'skin', 'test', 'mass', 'pedi', 'age', 'class']
data = read_csv(path, names = headernames)
array = data.values
X = array[:,0:8]
Y = array[:,8]

Next, give the input for 10-fold cross validation as follows −

seed = 7
kfold = KFold(n_splits = 10, random_state = seed)

We need to provide the number of trees we are going to build. Here we are building 150 trees with split points chosen from 5 features −

num_trees = 150
max_features = 5

Next, build the model with the help of following script −

model = ExtraTreesClassifier(n_estimators = num_trees, max_features = max_features)

Calculate and print the result as follows −

results = cross_val_score(model, X, Y, cv = kfold)



The output above shows that we got around 75.5% accuracy of our bagged extra trees classifier model.

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