MySQL - SUM Function


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MySQL SUM function is used to find out the sum of a field in various records.

To understand SUM function, consider an employee_tbl table, which is having the following records −

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl;
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|  id  | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|   1  | John | 2007-01-24 |        250         |
|   2  | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |        220         |
|   3  | Jack | 2007-05-06 |        170         |
|   3  | Jack | 2007-04-06 |        100         |
|   4  | Jill | 2007-04-06 |        220         |
|   5  | Zara | 2007-06-06 |        300         |
|   5  | Zara | 2007-02-06 |        350         |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Now, suppose based on the above table you want to calculate total of all the dialy_typing_pages, then you can do so by using the following command −

mysql> SELECT SUM(daily_typing_pages)
   -> FROM employee_tbl;
+-------------------------+
| SUM(daily_typing_pages) |
+-------------------------+
|          1610           |
+-------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

You can take sum of various records set using GROUP BY clause. Following example will sum up all the records related to a single person and you will have total typed pages by every person.

mysql> SELECT name, SUM(daily_typing_pages)
   -> FROM employee_tbl GROUP BY name;
+------+-------------------------+
| name | SUM(daily_typing_pages) |
+------+-------------------------+
| Jack |           270           |
| Jill |           220           |
| John |           250           |
| Ram  |           220           |
| Zara |           650           |
+------+-------------------------+
5 rows in set (0.17 sec)
mysql-useful-functions.htm

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