MySQL - IN Clause


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You can use IN clause to replace many OR conditions

To understand IN clause, consider an employee_tbl table, which is having the following records −

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl;
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|  id  | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|   1  | John | 2007-01-24 |        250         |
|   2  | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |        220         |
|   3  | Jack | 2007-05-06 |        170         |
|   3  | Jack | 2007-04-06 |        100         |
|   4  | Jill | 2007-04-06 |        220         |
|   5  | Zara | 2007-06-06 |        300         |
|   5  | Zara | 2007-02-06 |        350         |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Now, suppose based on the above table you want to display records with daily_typing_pages equal to 250 and 220 and 170. This can be done using OR conditions as follows

mysql>SELECT * FROM employee_tbl 
   ->WHERE daily_typing_pages= 250 OR  
   ->daily_typing_pages= 220 OR  daily_typing_pages= 170; 
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|  id  | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|   1  | John | 2007-01-24 |        250         |
|   2  | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |        220         |
|   3  | Jack | 2007-05-06 |        170         |
|   4  | Jill | 2007-04-06 |        220         |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
4 rows in set (0.02 sec)

Same can be achieved using IN clause as follows −

mysql> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl 
   -> WHERE daily_typing_pages IN ( 250, 220, 170 );
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|  id  | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|   1  | John | 2007-01-24 |        250         |
|   2  | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |        220         |
|   3  | Jack | 2007-05-06 |        170         |
|   4  | Jill | 2007-04-06 |        220         |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
4 rows in set (0.02 sec)

mysql-useful-functions.htm

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