What To Do When Our Blood Sugar Levels Drop Too Low?

Glucose, or blood sugar, is a type of sugar in the blood that provides energy to the body's cells. When the body needs energy, the liver secretes this hormone into circulation. The human body has an elaborate system of hormones, enzymes, and other variables to control blood sugar levels.

Hyperglycemia is a condition in which blood sugar levels are abnormally high and can occur in people with diabetes. This is because their bodies cannot make or respond to insulin, a crucial hormone in maintaining normal blood sugar levels. Excess glucose in the blood can damage cells, nerves, and organs over time.

Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is also potentially lethal since glucose is required by the brain and other organs for appropriate functioning. Sweating, trembling, bewilderment, and even loss of consciousness are all symptoms of low blood sugar, often known as hypoglycemia.

Some Common, typical causes

  • Diabetics − Taking too much insulin or another diabetic medicine might cause dangerously low blood sugar.

  • Skipping meals or eating too little − If you don't eat enough, your body won't have the glucose (sugar) needed to keep your blood sugar levels stable, leading to several health problems.

  • Increase workouts − Increasing your workout routine might deplete your body of glucose quicker than it can be replaced.

  • Alcohol − Drinking alcohol can reduce blood sugar levels by preventing the liver from pumping glucose into the bloodstream for storage.

  • Medications − Several drugs, including beta blockers, can lower blood sugar levels.

  • Medical Conditions − Certain diseases like liver disease or adrenal insufficiency can lead to low blood sugar.

Low blood sugar can manifest itself in several ways, including

  • Trembling or shaking.

  • Sweating

  • Rapid heartbeat

  • Hunger or nausea

  • Blurred vision.

  • dizziness or light-headedness

  • fatigue or weakness

  • confusion or difficulty concentrating

  • Irritability or mood changes

  • Headache

  • Anxiety or nervousness

Convulsions, amnesia, and coma are possible outcomes of hypoglycemia's most extreme forms. If you have diabetes or any other underlying medical condition that puts you at risk for hypoglycemia, you should not ignore any of these symptoms and should seek medical assistance immediately. Sweating, shivering, dizziness, disorientation, weakness, and headaches are all signs of low blood sugar. Hypoglycemia describes this illness, which poses serious health risks if addressed.

If your blood sugar becomes dangerously low, try these measures

You should have some quick-acting carbs, such as fruit juice, soda, or sweets. In a short amount of time, your blood sugar will increase, thanks to this. Eating easily digested and absorbed simple carbs can swiftly restore normal blood sugar levels in those who suffer from hypoglycemia. These carbs are also characterized as "rapid-acting" or "high glycemic index" (GI) carbs because of how quickly they raise blood sugar levels. High GI carbs include things like −

  • Glucose pills or gels

  • Honey, maple syrup, or fruit juice

  • Candies with hard shells and jelly beans Soda and energy drinks

  • Crackers, bagels, and white bread

Remember that eating a lot of carbs with a high glycemic index (GI) might cause your blood sugar to increase quickly and then drop suddenly. Hence, to keep blood sugar steady, it's best to have some carbs, but not too many, and then some protein or fat. Also, if you have diabetes or another illness that affects your blood sugar, it is always essential to talk with your healthcare professional to establish the best action for controlling your blood sugar.

  • After 15 minutes, re-evaluate your glucose levels. Your blood sugar is refined if it's over 100 mg/dl. If not, go back to Step 1. The NLM recommends taking 15g of carbohydrates, waiting 15 more minutes, and retesting if your blood sugar is still low. Galindo suggests doing so until your blood sugar levels have stabilized, which you can stop.

  • You should have a snack or meal containing carbohydrates, lean protein, and healthy fats to maintain a stable blood sugar level.

  • If you are experiencing severe symptoms such as disorientation or loss of consciousness, you should seek medical assistance as soon as possible.

  • Figure out what caused your hypoglycemia in the first place so you can steer clear of it in the future. Alterations to the dose of insulin or other medications, dietary shifts, and increased physical activity are all part of the answer.

Diabetics and anyone at risk for hypoglycemia may reduce their risk by taking these steps

  • Constantly monitor how much sugar is in your blood; closely monitoring your blood sugar levels may give you an early warning of a dangerous decrease in sugar levels before you even start to feel sick.

  • Have a regular eating schedule. The most effective method for keeping blood sugar levels stable is to consume meals and snacks that are rich in protein, include some healthy fats, and contain some complex carbohydrates.

  • Do not go without food for an extended period or fast. If you are on insulin or another medication to manage your blood sugar, skipping meals or fasting might cause your blood sugar level to drop dangerously low, which could even be deadly.

  • Adjust the doses of any medications you are already taking with the help of a qualified medical professional as follows: If you use insulin or another drug to keep your blood sugar at a healthy level, you may need to change the amount you take so you don't get dangerously low blood sugar.

  • If your blood sugar level goes too low, you need to be aware of the warning signs of low blood sugar so that you can take immediate action.

  • Keeping glucose tablets, sweets, or juice on hand is an excellent method to guarantee that you will always have something readily available to swiftly refill your blood sugar if it drops to an unsafe level.

  • Have a lot of water since having low blood sugar is a sign of dehydration, which is something you can prevent if you drink a lot of water and keep yourself well-hydrated.

Managing blood sugar and avoiding bouts of low blood sugar need a collaborative effort between you and your healthcare team.

Updated on: 04-Apr-2023


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