Found 154 Articles for Legal Studies

The High Court and Its Judges

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:10:53
At the state level, the High Court serves as the Supreme Court. India's High Courts have original, appellate, civil, criminal, ordinary, and exceptional jurisdiction. Under the Indian High Court Act of 1861, the first high courts were established in India in 1862 in Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras, and exceptional jurisdiction. Under the Indian High Court Act of 1861, the first high courts were established in India in 1862 in Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. There are currently 25 high courts in India, each with the necessary number of benches in their respective states. What is High Court? A state's top ... Read More

Statutory Law: Meaning and Significance

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:06:36
A democratic country like India provides certain rights to its citizens and enacts laws that protect and enforce these rights because "ubi jus ibi remedium, " i.e., there is no right without a remedy. Law is a set of rules that governs the actions of society by utilising rights. These laws make the legal system more effective and extensive. There are four major types of laws: statutory law, criminal law, civil law, and common law. In this article, an attempt has been made to study various aspects of statutory law. What is Statutory law? Statutory law is contained in "statutes." ... Read More

Separation of Powers: Definition and Meaning

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:01:54
To prevent one branch from interfering with the operations of the other two branches, the state is separated into three distinct branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial. Each has distinct independent powers and responsibilities. In essence, it is the guideline that each state government must adhere to in order to properly create, carry out, and apply the legislation to a given scenario. Meaning of Separation of Powers Charles de Montesquieu coined the phrase "separation of powers" or "trias-politica." It was initially endorsed by Greece, after which the Roman Republic extensively used it as their constitution. Its origins can be found ... Read More

Rights of an Arrested Person

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:00:48
No matter who they are, all people have the freedom to live their lives as they choose. This means that even if someone is accused of committing a terrible crime, their right to defend themselves is sacred and cannot be taken away. According to Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, and they are gifted with reason and conscience, which should guide how they behave toward one another." Our Constitution upholds these fundamental human rights. There are limitations on the police's ability to ... Read More

Konakuppakatil Gopinathan Balakrishnan: Former Chief Justice of India

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 17:36:00
Konakuppakatil Gopinathan Balakrishnan, an Indian judge who was previously the head of the country's national human rights commission, was born on May 12, 1945 in Kaduthuruthy, Travancore. He was the first Kerala-born judge to hold the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. One of the longest terms in the history of the Supreme Court of India was his, which lasted more than three years. He was preceded by Justice Y.K. Sabharwal and succeeded by Justice Sarosh Homi Kapadia. Early Life and Education Balakrishnan’s father worked as a clerk at the Vaikom munsiff court and was a ... Read More

Indira Banerjee: Former Justice of the Supreme Court

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 17:31:36
Justice Indira Banerjee was born on September 24, 1957 in Kolkata, West Bengal. She attended Kolkata's Loreto House for her formal education. She completed her higher education at the University of Calcutta's Department of Law and the Presidency College in Kolkata. She began representing clients before the Calcutta High Court on July 5, 1985, after enrolling as an advocate. Career Justice Sarv Mittra Sikri began his career during the following time period: On 5 February 2002, Indira Banerjee was appointed a permanent judge of the Calcutta High Court. As of 8 August 2016, she was moved to the Delhi ... Read More

Fathima Beevi: The First Female Justice of the Supreme Court

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 17:26:48
Gender equality has been a faraway goal for the world for many years. As women have increasingly and persistently participated in some facets of society, the gap is being closed slowly but surely. Women in the legal profession serve as one illustration of this. The International Day of Women Judges is observed on March 10 to raise awareness of the importance of gender equality in the legal system. The significance is emphasized by the UN, as it will contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal on gender equality and empowerment. The number of female judges in the Indian judicial system has ... Read More

Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud: 50th Chief Justice of India

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 17:22:29
Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud, an Indian judge who was born on November 11, 1959, is the country's 50th and current Chief Justice. He served as the senior-most judge after the chief justice and as the ex-officio executive chairman of the National Legal Services Authority while serving on the Supreme Court of India. He was also a judge of the Bombay High Court and the former chief justice of the Allahabad High Court. He was educated at Harvard University and Delhi University before working for Sullivan & Cromwell and the Bombay High Court. He was born to Y. V. Chandrachud. He rose ... Read More

Justice A.N. Ray: The Former Chief Justice of India

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 17:14:31
Even though Justice A. N. Ray was a lone witness, he did not hesitate to register his dissent, as he did in the Bank Nationalization Case (1970) and the Privy Purse Abolition Case (1971), both of which had 11-judge benches. He was also one of the six dissenters in the illustrious Kesavananda Bharati case. Who is Justice A.N. Ray? Ajit Nath Ray served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India from April 25, 1973, until his retirement on January 28, 1977. When the eleven justices of the Supreme Court considered whether the Bank Nationalization Act was constitutional in ... Read More

Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah: Former Chief Justice of India

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 17:05:52
The most difficult times in India's democracy's antiquity may have occurred under Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah's administration. He was born in Ahmedabad on January 22nd, 1906, and in the 1970s he rose to the position of Chief Justice. He also presided over one of the most pivotal discussions over the Indian constitution. A counsel who lost a case before Justice Shah claimed that the judge's decisions are "unimpeachable" and that "with him, you always know that justice is done." Early Life and Education Justice Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah began his early life and education during the following time period: Shah first ... Read More
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ... 16 Next
Advertisements