What is FTTP and how does it work?

Fiber To The Premises (FTTP) is a fiber optic cable transmission system that enables an Internet service provider to access the Internet directly from customers or a group of users (ISP). It is one of the many fiber formulas for fiber delivery that is consistently composed under the umbrella name "Fiber to x" and is abbreviated in the same way.

FTTP is significantly quicker than dial-up or coaxial cable Internet connections. This fiber optic communication delivery method involves deploying an optical distribution network that connects the central office to the subscriber's location.

Categories of FTTP

Fiber to the premises is classified based on where the optical fiber terminates −

  • Fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) is a type of fiber-optic connection that connects one residence or work to another. Fiber from the registrant's home or office to the central office. The signal can be transmitted to the entire residential or operator's residence using any method, including twisted pair, coaxial cable, wireless, line communication, or fiber optic.

  • Fiber-to-the-building or -basement (FTTB) is a type of fiber-optic communication delivery limited to buildings with multiple living or working areas. Although fiber optical ends before the registrar reside or operates, it reaches its destination or residence. Final signal transmission can be performed using any non-optical technology, such as twisted pairs, coaxial cable, wireless, or transmission lines.

An apartment can provide an example of the difference between FTTH and FTTB. When fiber is pumped to a panel within each subscriber unit, it is FTTH. Instead, the fiber goes only to the shared electrical room of the building (either on the floor only or in each apartment) by FTTB.

How does FTTP work?

For a long time, fiber optic cable has been utilized in the backbone network, connecting telephone switches and data centers. It was chosen because of the advantages it holds over other transmission methods.

It transmits data using optical pulses rather than electrical signals like twisted pairs or coaxial cable, making it impervious to interference (EMI and RFI), crosstalk, and noise.

It can also transmit data over longer distances than copper or coaxial cable. It has plenty of capacity to convey data, with just the apparatus that illuminates the fiber limiting it.

In comparison to FTTN (fiber to the node) or FTTC (fiber to the curb), which is typically used to provide ADSL / VDSL or cable TV, FTTH or FTTP (fiber to the premises) takes fiber optic cable more plunging into the customer's premises.

Due to the lower cost of fiber optic cables and equipment (among other factors), more telecommunications companies and independent service providers have begun installing FTTH networks in recent years, primarily targeting people dissatisfied with their DSL Internet experience.

FTTP Characteristics

  • Because it is constructed of fiber, Internet transmission is quick.

  • It is a new superfast broadband service that uses optical fiber to deliver to the customer's final mile or local loop.

  • They are made up of fiber optic cables, which can carry significantly more data than copper cables, particularly over long distances.

Benefits of Using FTTP

  • It has a higher bandwidth capacity.

  • In addition, it has the fastest internet transfer speed of any internet provider.

  • It's dependable and safe.

  • It's the ability to withstand electromagnetic interference, such as heating.

  • It is more resistant to harm, more durable, and more formidable.

  • It's designed to be adaptable.

Drawbacks of Using FTTP

  • It is pricey.

  • It's a challenge to set up FTTP.

  • It necessitates a longer implementation timeline.

  • A significant issue is that the internet connection breaks down frequently during business hours.

Updated on: 17-Aug-2021

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