What is the physical significance of electric potential?


The electric potential tells you how much potential energy a single point charge at a given location will have. The electric potential at a point is equal to the electric potential energy (measured in joules) of any charged particle at that location divided by the charge (measured in coulombs) of the particle.

An electric potential (also called the electric field potential, potential drop, or the electrostatic potential) is the amount of work needed to move a unit of charge from a reference point to a specific point inside the field without producing an acceleration.


 The electric potential is another useful field. It provides an alternative to the electric field in electrostatics. The potential energy for a positive charge increases when it moves against an electric field and decreases when it moves with the electric field; the opposite is true for a negative charge.


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Updated on: 10-Oct-2022

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