Origins of Human Nature

We have all come from a certain uniform point of origin, which is often debatable. Cultural connotations, religious afflictions, and personal convictions raise contrary arguments on how we came about. We will grow blisters on our soles if we go a few days without wearing shoes. The callus-generating mechanisms work to prevent harm to our feet' physiologic and anatomical systems by producing many novel skin cells when abrasion is experienced repeatedly. Nevertheless, our automobile tires will not get broader if we drive around in them for a few weeks.

Origins of Human Nature

The rules of physics apply to both our legs and car tires. Physical items tend to be worn down by friction, not strengthened. Nevertheless, an additional set of rules— the principles of natural selection—apply to our feet. Natural selection has provided us with callus-producing systems in our feet. The callus-producing processes are the adaptation byproducts of evolution via selection, a collaborative process.

They are still around today given that in ancient times those who inclined, even fractionally, to have a genome that primed them to create extra tissue diameter as a consequence of contact had this added twist to assist in their sustenance and therefore survived to procreate more compared to people without the advantageous propensity. Three main theories have been put out in the last century to explain the evolution of adaptations like processes for creating calluses.


The belief that a superior creator created all plants and creatures, from the most excellent sharks to the tiniest algae in the sea, from the straightforward single-celled amoebas to the complicated human brain, is known as creationism, often known as "intelligent design." Creationism is not regarded as a "scientific hypothesis" for three motives.

  • First, it cannot be evaluated because its central thrust does not lead to any clear scientific implications. Everything that exists merely does so because the Ultimate Being produced it.

  • Second, creationism has not led scientists to any brand-new scientific breakthroughs.

  • Third, creationism has not been demonstrated as an adequate scientific justification for previously identified organic systems.

Hence, creationism is related to faith and belief rather than science. It cannot be proven accurate, but it has not worked well as a theory of prediction or explanation either.

Seeding Theory

The seeding theory is a competing hypothesis. Life did not begin on Earth, according to proponents. According to one variation of this hypothesis, a meteorite carried the first signs of life to earth. According to a second variant, intelligent alien beings from other worlds or universes came to earth and sowed the seeds of humanity. Irrespective of the seeds' origins, natural selection-based evolution is thought to have taken control. The seedlings ultimately gave rise to humanity alongside other living species we find today.

In theory, the seeding theory can be tested. We can look for evidence of life in meteorites, giving the theory more credibility. We can look for evidence of alien encounters all around the planet. We can search for signs of life that could not have developed on Earth.

Nevertheless, there are three issues with the seeding theory. First, there is no conclusive scientific proof on Earth that certain "seedings" have occurred. Second, neither new scientific findings nor the resolution of old scientific conundrums has been attributed to seeding theory. Most significant, though, seeding theory merely shifts the plausible explanation for living forms to the past. What causes led to the emergence of such thinking creatures if extraterrestrial life did seed the earth?

Evolution by Natural Selection

The third alternative that is left is evolution through natural selection. While creation by biological evolution is referred to as a theory, its underlying assumptions have been verified so frequently—and never disproven—that most biologists consider it valid.

Divergent reproduction from genetic design variations has been demonstrated to function across the lab and the open. For instance, it has been demonstrated that the diverse beak sizes of finches on several Galápagos islands developed to match the sizes of the most common seeds on each island. When the kernels are big, bigger snouts are required; narrower beaks are preferable whenever the seedlings are little. The natural selection theory possesses several of the qualities that scientists look for in a scientific hypothesis −

  • It clarifies existing facts;

  • It generates new forecasts; and

  • It offers direction for significant areas of scientific investigation.

There is, therefore, no actual competition between the three. The astounding variety of life we observe today can only be explained by evolution by natural selection, according to all known scientific theories. The genesis and architecture of sophisticated adaptive systems, such as callus-producing processes and giant brains that make up human nature, can only be explained by this one scientific theory.

Products of Evolution

The iterative change produces modifications, by-products (or consequences) of adaptability, and stochastic consequences (or noise).


An acquired, consistently evolving trait that emerged through natural selection as a result of aiding in the solution of a problem with survival or reproducing during its evolution is known as an adjustment. Genetic material "for" an adaptation is required. Thus, modifications have a genetic component since those genes are necessary for the transmission of acclimation from generation to generation.

Of course, most adaptations result from several genes rather than being attributed to a single gene. For instance, hundreds of genes work together to build the human eye. In all "normal" conditions, an adaptation must evolve consistently among species members. For something to be considered an adjustment, it should occur at the right stage of an organism's existence in a complete form and, as a result, be shared by most individuals of a particular species.

The fact that adaptations can evolve consistently does not require that they manifest from birth. Many modifications develop gradually after birth. Walking is a consistently developed characteristic of humans, yet most people do not start walking till a full year after birth. Although they regularly mature in women, breasts do not appear until puberty.


While alterations are the primary outcomes of development, they are not the only outcomes. By-products of adaptations are also produced during dynamic development. Qualities not addressing adaptive challenges or having a purposeful architecture are called by-products. Like how warmth from a bulb is a byproduct of construction for a light, they are "brought along" with features that have practical design since they are associated with those adaptations. Think about the belly button of a person.

There is no proof that the belly hole itself aids in human reproduction or survival. A belly button is useless for discovering appropriate habitats, spotting predators, avoiding snakes, or selecting mates. It does not play a role, either explicitly or implicitly, in resolving an adaptive dilemma. Instead, the belly button is a side effect of an adaptation, specifically the umbilical cord, which feeds the developing fetus.

So, to verify the theory that a phenomenon is a by-product of a modification, it is necessary to specify the adjustment that produces the by-product and the rationale for why it exists.

Random Effects

Noise or random effects are the third and last byproduct of the evolutionary process. Forces like mutations, abrupt and unforeseeable alterations in the ecology, or mishaps during growth can all result in random effects. These unpredictabilities can sometimes impair an organism's ability to function normally, as when sand is thrown into a machine or hot coffee is spilled across a computer's hard drive.

Specific random outcomes are advantageous to an organism, while others are neutral—they do not enhance or hinder adaptive functioning. For instance, the fineness of a lightbulb's glass casing is sometimes perturbed by flaws in the materials and manufacturing process; yet, these imperfections have no bearing on how effectively the bulb works and can exist either way. By being unrelated to the adaptive elements of design features and instead existing independently of them, noise differs from by-products.


While the clashes between contentions of thoughts will always be there, it highlights an essential aspect to us: the lack of a unified explanation for such a sophisticated conceptualization of human beings and their varied nature. Therefore, our strength lies in finding a balance between various standpoints and picking out the verifiable information that gives us insight into the concept.

Updated on: 12-Apr-2023


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