Artificial Intelligence or simply AI is an experimental science being developed with the purpose to understand the nature of intelligent thought and subsequent action. It is presented by machines or software (computer).
In today’s context, largely, but of course not exclusively, Artificial Intelligence is related to Computer.
Therefore, study of AI also involves other disciplines including Psychology, Philosophy, Science, etc. (see the diagram given below) −
The conceptualization and progressive development of AI was started in 1940s; however, it was John McCarthy, a Stanford University researcher, who first coined this term.
John McCarthy is popular as the father of Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence is a developmental science, and does not come with a complete definition; however, the definition given by Mr. McCarthy is still popular −
“An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves. We think that a significant advance can be made in one or more of these problems if a carefully selected group of scientists work on it together for a summer.”
Following are a few examples of Artificial Intelligence in today’s world −
In today’s technological world, AI is being applied in many different fields.
Application of AI Techniques in Network Intrusion Detection Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) protects computer and communication networks from intruders. Following are the major areas where Artificial Intelligence is applied −
Data mining is an interdisciplinary branch of computer science, which involves a complex computing process and technique to discover the patterns in huge data sets.
It is a computing process that involves various methods along with machine learning, statistics, and database systems. Data mining helps in managing large databases.
Robot is an electromechanical technology (machine), which is programmed in such a way that it can perform a series of works automatically.
A robot can perform a variety of tasks, as programmed through the computer.
Following are the major areas wherein, artificial intelligence is used −