Entity Framework - Views


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A view is an object that contains data obtained by a predefined query. A view is a virtual object or table whose result set is derived from a query. It is very similar to a real table because it contains columns and rows of data. Following are some typical uses of views −

  • Filter data of underlying tables
  • Filter data for security purposes
  • Centralize data distributed across several servers
  • Create a reusable set of data

Views can be used in a similar way as you can use tables. To use view as an entity, first you will need to add database views to EDM. After adding views to your model then you can work with it the same way as normal entities except for Create, Update, and Delete operations.

Let’s take a look, how to add views into the model from the database.

Step 1 − Create a new Console Application project.

Application Project

Step 2 − Right-click on project in solution explorer and select Add → New Item.

Project Solution Explorer

Step 3 − Select ADO.NET Entity Data Model from the middle pane and enter name ViewModel in the Name field.

Step 4 − Click Add button which will launch the Entity Data Model Wizard dialog.

Add Button

Step 5 − Select EF Designer from database and click Next button.

Entity Model Wizard

Step 6 − Select the existing database and click Next.

Existing Database

Step 7 − Choose Entity Framework 6.x and click Next.

Entity Framework Next

Step 8 − Select tables and views from your database and click Finish.

Table View

You can see in the designer window that a view is created and you can use it in the program as an entity.

In the solution explorer, you can see that MyView class is also generated from the database.

Let’s take an example in which all data is retrieved from view. Following is the code −

class Program {

   static void Main(string[] args) {

      using (var db = new UniContextEntities()) {

         var query = from b in db.MyViews
            orderby b.FirstMidName select b;

         Console.WriteLine("All student in the database:");

         foreach (var item in query) {
            Console.WriteLine(item.FirstMidName + " " + item.LastName);
         }

         Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit...");
         Console.ReadKey();
      }
   }
}

When the above code is executed, you will receive the following output −

All student in the database:
Ali Khan
Arturo   finand
Bill Gates
Carson Alexander
Gytis Barzdukas
Laura Norman
Meredith Alonso
Nino Olivetto
Peggy Justice
Yan Li
Press any key to exit...

We recommend you to execute the above example in a step-by-step manner for better understanding.



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