Linear Search Program in C


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Here we present the implementation of linear search in C programming language. The output of the program is given after the code.

Linear Search Program

Live Demo
#include <stdio.h>

#define MAX 20

// array of items on which linear search will be conducted.
int intArray[MAX] = {1,2,3,4,6,7,9,11,12,14,15,16,17,19,33,34,43,45,55,66};

void printline(int count) {
   int i;
	
   for(i = 0;i <count-1;i++) {
      printf("=");
   }
	
   printf("=\n");
}

// this method makes a linear search. 
int find(int data) {

   int comparisons = 0;
   int index = -1;
   int i;

   // navigate through all items 
   for(i = 0;i<MAX;i++) {
	
      // count the comparisons made 
      comparisons++;
		
      // if data found, break the loop
      if(data == intArray[i]) {
         index = i;
         break;
      }
   }   
	
   printf("Total comparisons made: %d", comparisons);
   return index;
}

void display() {
   int i;
   printf("[");
	
   // navigate through all items 
   for(i = 0;i<MAX;i++) {
      printf("%d ",intArray[i]);
   }
	
   printf("]\n");
}

void main() {
   printf("Input Array: ");
   display();
   printline(50);
	
   //find location of 1
   int location = find(55);

   // if element was found 
   if(location != -1)
      printf("\nElement found at location: %d" ,(location+1));
   else
      printf("Element not found.");
}

If we compile and run the above program, it will produce the following result −

Output

Input Array: [1 2 3 4 6 7 9 11 12 14 15 16 17 19 33 34 43 45 55 66 ]
==================================================
Total comparisons made: 19
Element found at location: 19

linear_search_algorithm.htm

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