Biology - Branches of Biology


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  • The following table illustrates the different branches of biology with their brief description −

Branch Studies
Anatomy Study of the internal structure of an organism
Aerobiology Study of airborne microorganisms
Agronomy Study of soil management and crop production
Agrostology Study of grasses
Araneology Study of spiders
Actinobiology Study of the effects of radiation upon living organisms
Angiology Study of the diseases of the circulatory system and of the lymphatic system
Bioinformatics of collecting and analyzing complex biological data including genetic codes through computer technology
Biotechnology Use of cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products, which ultimately help to improve human lives and the health of the planet.
Biochemistry Study of chemical and physio-chemical processes and substances, which occur within the living organisms.
Batrachology Study of amphibians including frogs and toads
Bioclimatology Study of the interactions between the biosphere and the Earth's atmosphere on time scales
Botany Study of plants
Bryology Study of mosses and liverworts
Cytology Study of the structure and function of plant and animal cells.
Cryobiology Study of biological material or systems at temperatures below normal
Chromatology Study of colors
Cetology Study of whales, dolphins, and porpoises
Chronobiology Study of periodic (cyclic) phenomena in living organisms
Conchology Study of mollusc shells
Chondrology Study of the cartilage
Craniology Study of the shape and size of the skulls of different human races
Cardiology Study of the diseases and abnormalities of the heart
Dendrology Study of trees
Dermatology Study of skin
Desmology Study of structures and anatomy of ligaments
Embryology Study of the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.
Ecology Study of interactions among organisms and their environment
Ethology Study of animal behaviors
Entomology Study of insects
Etiology study of causation, or origination (largely of diseases)
Epigenetics Study of the changes in a chromosome that affect gene activity and expression (specifically phenotype change and NOT genotype changes)
Ethnobotany Study of a geographic region's plants and their possible uses through the traditional knowledge
Forestry Study creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests
Gynaecology Study of medical practice that deals with the health of the female reproductive systems
Gerontology Study of the process of ageing and old age problems
Genetics Study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity
Genecology Study of genetic variation of species and communities in comparison to their population
Genetic engineering Study of developing technique of direct manipulation of an organism's genome by using biotechnology
Horticulture Study of practice of garden cultivation
Helminthology Study of parasitic worms
Herpetology Study of reptiles (including amphibians)
Hepatology Study of liver
Haematology Study of blood, its problems and treatments
Histology Study of tissue
Ichthyology Study of fishes
Ichnology Study of traces of organismal behavior
Kalology Study of beauty
Lepidopterology Study of moths and the butterflies
Limnology Study of inland waters (emphasizing of biological, physical, and chemical features)
Limnobiology Study of animals and plants of fresh water
Molecular biology Study of the structure and function of the macromolecules (such as proteins and nucleic acids)
Malacology Study of the Mollusca
Mycology Study of fungi
Nephrology Study of kidney
Neurology Study of nervous system
Ornithology Study of birds
Ophthalmology Study of eye
Osteology Study of skeleton system
Palaeozoology Study of animal fossils
Physiology Study of normal functioning of living organisms
Pathology Study of disease and a major field in modern medicine and diagnosis
Palaeobotany Study of plant fossils
Phycology Study of algae
Pomology Study of fruits
Phrenology Study of specific functions of brain
Sedimentology Study of sand, silt, clay, etc.
Serpentology Study of snakes
Saurology Study of lizards
Sitology Study of food, diet, and nutrition
Spelaeology Study of caves
Taxonomy Study of nomenclature (classification) of animals
Trophology Study of nutrition (for healthy health)
Traumatology Study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents (or violence)
Zoogeography Study of distribution of animals
Zymology Study of the biochemical process of fermentation and its practical uses
Zootechny Study of domestication of animals (includes breeding, genetics, nutrition, and housing)
Zoonosology Study of animal diseases'
Zoology Study of animals


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