Arduino - Bitwise Operators


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Assume variable A holds 10 and variable B holds 20 then −

Operator name Operator simple Description Example
and & Binary AND Operator copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands. (A & B) will give 12 which is 0000 1100
or | Binary OR Operator copies a bit if it exists in either operand (A | B) will give 61 which is 0011 1101
xor ^ Binary XOR Operator copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both. (A ^ B) will give 49 which is 0011 0001
not ~ Binary Ones Complement Operator is unary and has the effect of 'flipping' bits. (~A ) will give -60 which is 1100 0011
shift left << Binary Left Shift Operator. The left operands value is moved left by the number of bits specified by the right operand. A << 2 will give 240 which is 1111 0000
shift right >> Binary Right Shift Operator. The left operands value is moved right by the number of bits specified by the right operand. A >> 2 will give 15 which is 0000 1111

Example

void loop () {
   int a = 10,b = 20
   int c = 0;
   c = a & b ;
   c = a | b ;
   c = a ^ b ;
   c = a ~ b ;
   c = a << b ;
   c = a >> b ; 
}

Result

c = 12
c = 61
c = 49
c = -60
c = 240
c = 15
arduino_operators.htm
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