Subset Sum Problem

Backtracking AlgorithmsData StructureAlgorithms

In this problem, there is a given set with some integer elements. And another some value is also provided, we have to find a subset of the given set whose sum is the same as the given sum value.

Here backtracking approach is used for trying to select a valid subset when an item is not valid, we will backtrack to get the previous subset and add another element to get the solution.

Input and Output

Input:
This algorithm takes a set of numbers, and a sum value.
The Set: {10, 7, 5, 18, 12, 20, 15}
The sum Value: 35
Output:
All possible subsets of the given set, where sum of each element for every subsets is same as the given sum value.
{10,  7,  18}
{10,  5,  20}
{5,  18,  12}
{20,  15}

Algorithm

subsetSum(set, subset, n, subSize, total, node, sum)

Input − The given set and subset, size of set and subset, a total of the subset, number of elements in the subset and the given sum.

Output − All possible subsets whose sum is the same as the given sum.

Begin
   if total = sum, then
      display the subset
      //go for finding next subset
      subsetSum(set, subset, , subSize-1, total-set[node], node+1, sum)
      return
   else
      for all element i in the set, do
         subset[subSize] := set[i]
         subSetSum(set, subset, n, subSize+1, total+set[i], i+1, sum)
      done
End

Example

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

void displaySubset(int subSet[], int size) {
   for(int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
      cout << subSet[i] << "  ";
   }
   cout << endl;
}

void subsetSum(int set[], int subSet[], int n, int subSize, int total, int nodeCount ,int sum) {
   if( total == sum) {
      displaySubset(subSet, subSize);     //print the subset
      subsetSum(set,subSet,n,subSize-1,total-set[nodeCount],nodeCount+1,sum);     //for other subsets
      return;
   }else {
      for( int i = nodeCount; i < n; i++ ) {     //find node along breadth
         subSet[subSize] = set[i];
         subsetSum(set,subSet,n,subSize+1,total+set[i],i+1,sum);     //do for next node in depth
      }
   }
}

void findSubset(int set[], int size, int sum) {
   int *subSet = new int[size];     //create subset array to pass parameter of subsetSum
   subsetSum(set, subSet, size, 0, 0, 0, sum);
   delete[] subSet;
}

int main() {
   int weights[] = {10, 7, 5, 18, 12, 20, 15};
   int size = 7;
   findSubset(weights, size, 35);
}

Output

10   7  18
10   5  20
5   18  12
20  15
raja
Published on 09-Jul-2018 17:27:11
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