Flex - Data Binding


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What is Data Binding?

Data Binding is a process in which data of one object is tied to another object. It requires a source property, a destination property and a triggering event which indicates, when to copy the data from source to destination.

Flex provides three ways to do Data Binding as below

  • Curly brace syntax in MXML Script ({})
  • <fx:binding> tag in MXML
  • BindingUtils in ActionScript

Data Binding – Using Curly Braces in MXML

The following example demonstrates how to use curly braces to specify data binding of a source to destination.

<s:TextInput id = "txtInput1" />
<s:TextInput id = "txtInput2" text = "{txtInput1.text}" />

Data Binding – Using <fx:Binding> tag in MXML

The following example demonstrates how to use tag to specify data binding of a source to destination.

<fx:Binding source = "txtInput1.text" destination = "txtInput2.text" />
<s:TextInput id = "txtInput1" />
<s:TextInput id = "txtInput2" />

Data Binding – Using BindingUtils in ActionScript

The following example demonstrates how to use BindingUtils to specify data binding of a source to destination.

<fx:Script>
   <![CDATA[
      import mx.binding.utils.BindingUtils;
      import mx.events.FlexEvent;

      protected function txtInput2_preinitializeHandler(event:FlexEvent):void {
         BindingUtils.bindProperty(txtInput2,"text",txtInput1, "text");
      }      
   ]]>
</fx:Script>

<s:TextInput id = "txtInput1" />
<s:TextInput id = "txtInput2" 
   preinitialize = "txtInput2_preinitializeHandler(event)" />

Flex Data Binding Example

Let us follow the steps given below to see skinning in action in a Flex application by creating a test application −

Step Description
1 Create a project with a name HelloWorld under a packagecom.tutorialspoint.client as explained in the Flex - Create Application chapter.
2 Modify HelloWorld.mxml as explained below. Keep rest of the files unchanged.
3 Compile and run the application to make sure business logic is working as per the requirements.

Following is the content of the modified HelloWorld.mxml filesrc/com/tutorialspoint/client/HelloWorld.mxml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "utf-8"?>
<s:Application xmlns:fx = "http://ns.adobe.com/mxml/2009"
   xmlns:s = "library://ns.adobe.com/flex/spark"
   xmlns:mx = "library://ns.adobe.com/flex/mx
   width = "100%" height = "100%" minWidth = "500" minHeight = "500">
   
   <fx:Style source = "/com/tutorialspoint/client/Style.css" />
   <fx:Script>
      <![CDATA[
         import mx.binding.utils.BindingUtils;   
         import mx.events.FlexEvent;

         protected function txtInput6_preinitializeHandler(event:FlexEvent):void {
            BindingUtils.bindProperty(txtInput6,"text",txtInput5, "text");
         }
      ]]>
   </fx:Script>
   
   <fx:Binding source = "txtInput3.text" destination = "txtInput4.text" />
   <s:BorderContainer width = "500" height = "550" id = "mainContainer" 
      styleName = "container">
      <s:VGroup width = "100%" height = "100%" gap = "50" horizontalAlign = "center" 
         verticalAlign = "middle">
         <s:Label id = "lblHeader" text = "Data Binding Demonstration"
            fontSize = "40" color = "0x777777" styleName = "heading" />
         <s:Panel title = "Example #1 (Using Curly Braces,\{\})" width = "400" 
            height = "100" >
            <s:layout>
               <s:VerticalLayout paddingTop = "10" paddingLeft = "10" />
            </s:layout>
            
            <s:HGroup >
               <s:Label text = "Type here: " width = "100" paddingTop = "6" />
               <s:TextInput id = "txtInput1" />	
            </s:HGroup>
            
            <s:HGroup >
               <s:Label text = "Copied text: " width = "100" paddingTop = "6" />
               <s:TextInput id = "txtInput2" text = "{txtInput1.text}" />
            </s:HGroup>						
         </s:Panel>
         
         <s:Panel title = "Example #2 (Using &lt;fx:Binding&gt;)" width = "400" 
            height = "100" >
            <s:layout>
               <s:VerticalLayout paddingTop = "10" paddingLeft = "10" />
            </s:layout>
            
            <s:HGroup >
               <s:Label text = "Type here: " width = "100" paddingTop = "6" />
               <s:TextInput id = "txtInput3" />	
            </s:HGroup>
            
            <s:HGroup >
               <s:Label text = "Copied text: " width = "100" paddingTop = "6" />
               <s:Label id = "txtInput4" />
            </s:HGroup>						
         </s:Panel>
         
         <s:Panel title = "Example #3 (Using BindingUtils)" width = "400" 
            height = "100" >
            <s:layout>
               <s:VerticalLayout paddingTop = "10" paddingLeft = "10" />
            </s:layout>
            
            <s:HGroup >
               <s:Label text = "Type here: " width = "100" paddingTop = "6" />
               <s:TextInput id = "txtInput5" />	
            </s:HGroup>
            
            <s:HGroup >
               <s:Label text = "Copied text: " width = "100" paddingTop = "6" />
               <s:TextInput enabled = "false" id = "txtInput6" 
                  preinitialize = "txtInput6_preinitializeHandler(event)" />
            </s:HGroup>						
         </s:Panel>
      </s:VGroup>	 
   </s:BorderContainer>	
</s:Application>

Once you are ready with all the changes done, let us compile and run the application in normal mode as we did in Flex - Create Application chapter. If everything is fine with your application, it will produce the following result: [ Try it online ]

Flex Data Binding

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