C Library - <signal.h>


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The signal.h header defines a variable type sig_atomic_t, two function calls, and several macros to handle different signals reported during a program's execution.

Library Variables

Following is the variable type defined in the header signal.h −

S.N. Variable & Description
1 sig_atomic_t

This is of int type and is used as a variable in a signal handler. This is an integral type of an object that can be accessed as an atomic entity, even in the presence of asynchronous signals.

Library Macros

Following are the macros defined in the header signal.h and these macros will be used in two functions listed below. The SIG_ macros are used with the signal function to define signal functions.

S.N. Macro & Description
1 SIG_DFL

Default signal handler.

2 SIG_ERR

Represents a signal error.

3 SIG_IGN

Signal ignore.

The SIG macros are used to represent a signal number in the following conditions −

S.N. Macro & Description
1 SIGABRT

Abnormal program termination.

2 SIGFPE

Floating-point error like division by zero.

3 SIGILL

Illegal operation.

4 SIGINT

Interrupt signal such as ctrl-C.

5 SIGSEGV

Invalid access to storage like segment violation.

6 SIGTERM

Termination request.

Library Functions

Following are the functions defined in the header signal.h −

S.N. Function & Description
1

void (*signal(int sig, void (*func)(int)))(int)

This function sets a function to handle signal i.e. a signal handler.

2

int raise(int sig)

This function causes signal sig to be generated. The sig argument is compatible with the SIG macros.



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