C Library - <string.h>

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Introduction

The string .h header defines one variable type, one macro and various functions for manipulating arrays of characters.

Library Variables

Following is the variable type defined in the header string.h:

S.N.Variable & Description
1size_t
This is the unsigned integral type and is the result of the sizeof keyword.

Library Macros

Following is the macro defined in the header string.h:

S.N.Macro & Description
1NULL
This macro is the value of a null pointer constant.

Library Functions

Following are the functions defined in the header string.h:

S.N.Function & Description
1void *memchr(const void *str, int c, size_t n)
Searches for the first occurrence of the character c (an unsigned char) in the first n bytes of the string pointed to by the argument str.
2int memcmp(const void *str1, const void *str2, size_t n)
Compares the first n bytes of str1 and str2.
3void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n)
Copies n characters from src to dest.
4void *memmove(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n)
Another function to copy n characters from str2 to str1.
5void *memset(void *str, int c, size_t n)
Copies the character c (an unsigned char) to the first n characters of the string pointed to by the argument str.
6char *strcat(char *dest, const char *src)
Appends the string pointed to by src to the end of the string pointed to by dest.
7char *strncat(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n)
Appends the string pointed to by src to the end of the string pointed to by dest up to n characters long.
8char *strchr(const char *str, int c)
Searches for the first occurrence of the character c (an unsigned char) in the string pointed to by the argument str.
9int strcmp(const char *str1, const char *str2)
Compares the string pointed to by str1 to the string pointed to by str2.
10int strncmp(const char *str1, const char *str2, size_t n)
Compares at most the first n bytes of str1 and str2.
11int strcoll(const char *str1, const char *str2)
Compares string str1 to str2. The result is dependent on the LC_COLLATE setting of the location.
12char *strcpy(char *dest, const char *src)
Copies the string pointed to by src to dest.
13char *strncpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n)
Copies up to n characters from the string pointed to by src to dest.
14size_t strcspn(const char *str1, const char *str2)
Calculates the length of the initial segment of str1 which consists entirely of characters not in str2.
15char *strerror(int errnum)
Searches an internal array for the error number errnum and returns a pointer to an error message string.
16size_t strlen(const char *str)
Computes the length of the string str up to but not including the terminating null character.
17char *strpbrk(const char *str1, const char *str2)
Finds the first character in the string str1 that matches any character specified in str2.
18char *strrchr(const char *str, int c)
Searches for the last occurrence of the character c (an unsigned char) in the string pointed to by the argument str.
19size_t strspn(const char *str1, const char *str2)
calculates the length of the initial segment of str1 which consists entirely of characters in str2.
20char *strstr(const char *haystack, const char *needle)
Finds the first occurrence of the entire string needle (not including the terminating null character) which appears in the string haystack.
21char *strtok(char *str, const char *delim)
Breaks string str into a series of tokens separated by delim.
22size_t strxfrm(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n)
Transforms the first n characters of the string src into corrent locale and place them in the string dest.


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