- Physics Notes for UPSC IAS Prelims (Part II)
- Physics - Home
- Physics - Introduction
- Physics - Branches
- Physics - Acoustics
- Physics - Biophysics
- Physics - Econophysics
- Physics - Geophysics
- Physics - Nanotechnology
- Physics - Neurophysics
- Physics - Psychophysics
- Physics - Astrophysics
- Physics - Measurement Units
- Major Instruments & Their Uses
- Inventions and Inventors in Physics
- Physics - Timeline in Physics
- Physics - Unsolved Problems
- Physics - Terminologies in Physics
- Major Theories and Laws in Physics
- Physics - Nobel Prize in Physics
- Physics - Awards Given in Physics
- Scientific Units Named After Inventors
- Physics - Top Institutes
- Physics Useful Resources
- Physics Part 2 - Online Quiz
- Physics Part 2 - Online Test
- Physics Part 2 - Quick Guide
- Physics - Useful Resources
- Physics - Discussion
- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who
Physics - Biophysics
Biophysics is a fascinating term for the biology researchers as well as for the physics researcher, as it creates bridge between these two subjects of science.
Biophysics (also known as biological physics) is basically an interdisciplinary approach to study the biological systems. It is uses physics technology to understand the biological systems.
Likewise, biophysics integrates all levels of biological organization, i.e. from molecular level to organismic and population level.
In 1892, first time Karl Pearson used the term ‘Biophysics.’
Subject Matter of Biophysics
Biophysicists study the life (basically human life); starting from the cellular organs (such as ribosome, mitochondria, nucleus, etc.) to organisms, and their environment.
With the advancement of technology, the scientists and researchers of both the disciplines (namely Biology and Physics) started exploring a different level of life to understand how actually biological system works.
The biophysicists largely research on the following types of questions −
How do the cells of nervous system communicate?
How and why do viruses invade cells?
What is the functionality of protein synthesis?
How do plants harness sunlight to make their food?
Advantages of Biophysics
The study of life at molecular level helps to understand many phenomena of a human body including various diseases and their treatment.
Biophysics helped to understand the structure and function of DNA.
The study of biophysics helps to understand the various elements of bio-chemistry.
Biophysics also help to understand the structure and various functionality of protein.
Sub-Branches of Biophysics
Following are the major sub-branches of biophysics −
Technology of Biophysics
Following are the major technologies used in Biophysics −
Atomic force microscope (AFM)
Small-angle scattering (SAS) technology