Acoustics is an interdisciplinary science that studies different mechanical waves passing through solid, liquid, and gases.
Basically, acoustics is the science of sound that describes the generation, transmission, and effects of sounds; it also, including biological and psychological effects sound
Likewise, acoustics studies vibration, sound, ultrasound, infrasound.
The term "acoustic" is a Greek word i.e. ‘akoustikos,’ which means "of or for hearing, ready to hear."
These days, acoustics technology is very much applicable in many industries specially to reduce the noise level.
The person who is an expert in the field of acoustics is known as acoustician.
There are a variety of acoustics fields of study. For example, the production sound, control of sound, transmission of sound, reception of sound, or effects of sound on human beings as well as on animals.
Following are the major types of acousticiansn −
Bioacoustician − The expert of this field researches and studies birds of a given geographic region to determine that the man-made noise changes their behavior.
Biomedical Acoustician − The expert of this field researches and develop medical equipment to treat kidney stone.
Underwater Acoustician − The expert of this field research and design sophisticated sonar hardware that explores the ocean floor.
Audiologist − The expert of this field diagnose hearing impairments.
Architectural Acoustician − The expert of this field designs an opera house to manage the high pitch sound (inside the house).
Following are the major fields of acoustics.
General Acoustics − This field of acoustic studies about the sounds and waves.
Animal Bioacousticians − This field of acoustic studies how animals create, use, and hear sounds.
Architectural Acoustics − This field of acoustic studies about the building designs to have the pleasing sound quality and safe sound levels.
Medical Acoustics − This field of acoustic researches and studies the use acoustics to diagnose and treat various types of illnesses.
Archaeoacoustics − This field of acoustic studies sound systems of archaeological sites and artefacts.
Psychoacoustics − This field of acoustic studies – how human beings respond to a particular sound.