How to create a line chart using JavaFX?

JavaFXObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

Inline chart, the data values have represented a series of points connected by a line. In JavaFX, you can create a line chart by instantiating the javafx.scene.chart.LineChart class.

While instantiating this class you must pass the two objects of the Axis class representing the x and y-axis (as parameters of the constructor). Since the Axis class is abstract you need to pass objects of its concrete subclasses, NumberAxis (for numerical values) or, CategoryAxis (String values).

Once you create the axes you can set labels to them using the setLabel() method.

Setting data

The XYChart.Series represents the series of data items. You can create a series of points for the line by instantiating this class. This class contains an observable list that holds all the points in the series.

The XYChart.Data represents a specific data point in the x-y plane. To create a point, you need to instantiate this class by passing the x and y values of the particular point.

Therefore, to create data for a line −

  • Create a required number of points by instantiating the XYChart.Data class.

  • Create a series by instantiating the XYChart.Series class.

  • Get the observable list of the XYChart.Series class using the getData() method.

  • Add the created data points to the list using the add() or addAll() methods.

  • Add the created data series to the line chart as −

linechart.getData().add(series);

Example

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
import javafx.scene.chart.LineChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
public class LineChartExample extends Application {
   public void start(Stage stage) {
      //Defining the x and y axes
      NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
      NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
      //Setting labels for the axes
      xAxis.setLabel("Months");
      yAxis.setLabel("Rainfall (mm)");
      //Creating a line chart
      LineChart linechart = new LineChart(xAxis, yAxis);
      //Preparing the data points for the line1
      XYChart.Series series = new XYChart.Series();
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(1, 13.2));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(2, 7.9));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(3, 15.3));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(4, 20.2));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(5, 35.7));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(6, 103.8));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(7, 169.9));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(8, 178.7));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(9, 158.3));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(10, 97.2));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(11, 22.4));
      series.getData().add(new XYChart.Data(12, 5.9));
      //Setting the name to the line (series)
      series.setName("Rainfall In Hyderabad");
      //Setting the data to Line chart
      linechart.getData().add(series);
      //Creating a stack pane to hold the chart
      StackPane pane = new StackPane(linechart);
      //Setting the Scene
      Scene scene = new Scene(pane, 595, 350);
      stage.setTitle("Line Chart");
      stage.setScene(scene);
      stage.show();
   }
   public static void main(String args[]){
      launch(args);
   }
}

Output

raja
Published on 19-May-2020 16:03:05
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