QTP - Record and Playback


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Recording a test corresponds to recording the user actions of the application under test so that UFT automatically generates the scripts that can be played back. Record and Playback can give us the first impression of the tool, whether it can support the technology or not, if the initial settings are done correctly.

Steps for Record and Playback are as follows −

Step 1 − Click "New" test from the Start Page as shown below −

New Test Selection from Home Page

Step 2 − Clicking "New" Link, a new test window opens and the user needs to select the test type. Select "GUI Test", give a name for the test and the location where it needs to be saved.

Select Type of Test

Step 3 − Once a New test is created, the new test screen opens as shown below. Now, click the "Action1" tab, which is created with 1 action by default.

New Test Page

Step 4 − Click the "Record" Menu and select "Record and Run Settings" as shown below −

Record and Run Settings

Step 5 − The Record and Run Settings dialog box opens and based on the type of application, one can select Web, Java, or Windows Applications. For Example, here, we will record a Web Based Application (http://easycalculation.com/).

Record and Run Settings

Step 6 − Click Record. The Internet Explorer opens automatically with the web address http://easycalculation.com/ as per the settings. Click the "Numbers" link under "Algebra" and key in a number and hit "Calculate". After completion of the action, click the "Stop" button in the record panel. You will notice that the script is generated as shown below −

Generated Script

Step 7 − Now playback the script by clicking the playback button. The Script replays and the result is displayed.

Playback the Script

Step 8 − The result window is opened, by default, which exactly shows the timestamp of execution, pass and failed steps.

 Results Window Analysis

Significance of Record and Playback

  • It is used as the preliminary investigation method to verify if UFT can support the technology/application.

  • Used to create a test a basic functionality of an application or feature that does not require long-term maintenance.

  • It can be used for recording both mouse movements and keyboard inputs.

Modes of Recording

  • Normal Recording − This is the default Recording mode that records the objects and the operations performed on the application under test.

  • Analog Recording − This records not only the keyboard actions but also the mouse movements relative to the screen or the application window.

  • Low-Level Recording − This records the exact co-ordinates of the objects independent of the fact whether UFT recognizes the object or NOT. It just records the co-ordinates, hence does NOT record mouse movements.

  • Insight Recording − UFT records operations, based on its appearance and not based on its native properties.

How to Choose Recording Modes

After clicking the Recording button, the user can choose the recording mode from the recording pane that appears on the screen, once the recording starts. The selection can be made from any of the ones that has been discussed above.

Choosing Recording Modes

You will see that the following scenario is recorded in all the modes and the same action has been recorded under various circumstances.

  • Launch IE - http://easycalculation.com/
  • Click "Numbers" under "Algebra"
  • Click "Square Root" link
  • Enter a value to calculate the square root. Let us say 10
  • Hit Calculate

Script Recorded under Default, Analog and Low Level recording mode is given below −

' DEFAULT RECORDING MODE 
Browser("Free Online Math Calculator").Page("Free Online Math 
Calculator").Link("Numbers").Click 

Browser("Free Online Math Calculator").Page("Numbers Calculator - 
Math").Link("Square Root").Click 

Browser("Free Online Math Calculator").Page("Square Root 
Calculator").WebEdit("n").Set "10" 

Browser("Free Online Math Calculator").Page("Square Root 
Calculator").WebButton("calculate").Click 

' ANALOG RECORDING MODE 
Desktop.RunAnalog "Track1" 

' LOW LEVEL RECORDING MODE 
Window("Windows Internet Explorer").WinObject("Internet Explorer_Server").Click 
235,395 

Window("Windows Internet Explorer").WinObject("Internet Explorer_Server").Click 
509,391 

Window("Windows Internet Explorer").WinObject("Internet Explorer_Server").Click 
780,631 

Window("Windows Internet Explorer").WinObject("Internet Explorer_Server").Type 
"10" 

Window("Windows Internet Explorer").WinObject("Internet Explorer_Server").Click 
757,666

The recordings using insight recording mode will be as shown below −

Insight Recording Modes

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