Python nested IF statements


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There may be a situation when you want to check for another condition after a condition resolves to true. In such a situation, you can use the nested if construct.

In a nested if construct, you can have an if...elif...else construct inside another if...elif...else construct.

Syntax

The syntax of the nested if...elif...else construct may be −

if expression1:
   statement(s)
   if expression2:
      statement(s)
   elif expression3:
      statement(s)
   else:
      statement(s)
   elif expression4:
      statement(s)
else:
   statement(s)

Example

#!/usr/bin/python

var = 100
if var < 200:
   print "Expression value is less than 200"
   if var == 150:
      print "Which is 150"
   elif var == 100:
      print "Which is 100"
   elif var == 50:
      print "Which is 50"
   elif var < 50:
      print "Expression value is less than 50"
else:
   print "Could not find true expression"

print "Good bye!"

When the above code is executed, it produces following result −

Expression value is less than 200
Which is 100
Good bye!

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