Python IF statements

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The if statement of Python is similar to that of other languages. The if statement contains a logical expression using which data is compared and a decision is made based on the result of the comparison.

Syntax:

The syntax of an if statement in Python programming language is:

if expression:
   statement(s)

If the boolean expression evaluates to true, then the block of statement(s) inside the if statement will be executed. If boolean expression evaluates to false, then the first set of code after the end of the if statement(s) will be executed.

Python programming language assumes any non-zero and non-null values as true and if it is either zero or null, then it is assumed as false value.

Flow Diagram:

Python if statement

Example:

#!/usr/bin/python

var1 = 100
if var1:
   print "1 - Got a true expression value"
   print var1

var2 = 0
if var2:
   print "2 - Got a true expression value"
   print var2
print "Good bye!"

When the above code is executed, it produces the following result:

1 - Got a true expression value
100
Good bye!


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