C library Macro - offsetof()

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Description

The C library macro offsetof(type, member-designator) results in a constant integer of type size_t which is the offset in bytes of a structure member from the beginning of the structure. The member is given by member-designator, and the name of the structure is given in type.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for offsetof() Macro.

offsetof(type, member-designator)

Parameters

  • type -- This is the class type in which member-designator is a valid member designator.

  • member-designator -- This is the member designator of class type.

Return Value

This macro returns the value of type size_t which is the offset value of member in type.

Example

The following example shows the usage of offsetof() Macro.

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>

struct address {
   char name[50];
   char street[50];
   int phone;
};
   
int main()
{
   printf("name offset = %d byte in address structure.\n",
   offsetof(struct address, name));
   
   printf("street offset = %d byte in address structure.\n",
   offsetof(struct address, street));
   
   printf("phone offset = %d byte in address structure.\n",
   offsetof(struct address, phone));

   return(0);
} 

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

name offset = 0 byte in address structure.
street offset = 50 byte in address structure.
phone offset = 100 byte in address structure.


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