C library function - free()

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Description

The C library function void free(void *ptr) deallocates the memory previously allocated by a call to calloc, malloc, or realloc.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for free() function.

void free(void *ptr)

Parameters

  • ptr -- This is the pointer to a memory block previously allocated with malloc, calloc or realloc to be deallocated.If a null pointer is passed as argument, no action occurs

Return Value

This function does not return any value.

Example

The following example shows the usage of free() function.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main()
{
   char *str;

   /* Initial memory allocation */
   str = (char *) malloc(15);
   strcpy(str, "tutorialspoint");
   printf("String = %s,  Address = %u\n", str, str);

   /* Reallocating memory */
   str = (char *) realloc(str, 25);
   strcat(str, ".com");
   printf("String = %s,  Address = %u\n", str, str);

   /* Deallocate allocated memory */
   free(str);
   
   return(0);
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

String = tutorialspoint, Address = 355090448
String = tutorialspoint.com, Address = 355090448


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