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Which Medications Are Best for Anxiety Disorders?
Anxiety disorders have become common these days, with a growing concern among adults. But one common thread among all types of anxiety disorders is that they're characterized by persistent, excessive worry and fear. The worst-case scenario leads to a racing heart, sweating, and breathing difficulty. This article will discuss some of the common medicines that work well on anxiety disorders.
Medicines that work best for Anxiety Disorders
Benzodiazepines are a type of medication that is commonly used to treat anxiety disorders. They work by reducing anxiety and stress levels in the brain and can be very effective in treating both short-term and long-term anxiety disorders. Benzodiazepines are generally safe and well-tolerated, but they can cause some side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion. If you have any concerns about taking benzodiazepines for your anxiety disorder, talk to your doctor or mental health professional.
Buspirone belongs to a class of azapirones, which affect the brain's chemicals. Buspirone works by increasing serotonin levels in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood and anxiety. Buspirone is an effective medication for treating anxiety disorders, but it can take up to four weeks for the full effects to be seen. Moreover, the drug can cause side effects such as headache, dizziness, insomnia, and nausea.
Antidepressants are a standard treatment for both anxiety and depression. There are many different types of antidepressants, but they all work by influencing the levels of certain chemicals in the brain. These chemicals, called neurotransmitters, are responsible for mood and emotion. By increasing neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine, antidepressants can help to improve mood and reduce anxiety.
It is important to remember that antidepressants take time to work. They may need to be taken for several weeks before their full effects are felt. If you are feeling very anxious or depressed, you must speak to your doctor about treatment options.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed medication for anxiety disorders. SSRIs work by increasing the level of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain that helps regulate mood, in the brain. It can help reduce anxiety symptoms, such as worry, irritability, and restlessness. SSRIs are generally considered safe and effective for most people, but they can cause some side effects, such as nausea, headache, and sexual problems.
Tricyclics are an antidepressant that works on anxiety disorders by inhibiting the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain. This increases the levels of these neurotransmitters in the brain, which leads to improved mood and decreased anxiety. Tricyclics are typically used as a last resort when other types of antidepressants have failed to work, as they can have several side effects. These include dry mouth, drowsiness, weight gain, and blurred vision.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are a class of medications that work by inhibiting the monoamine oxidase enzyme. This enzyme breaks down certain neurotransmitters, including serotonin and norepinephrine. When these neurotransmitters are not broken down, they can build up to abnormally high levels in the brain, leading to anxiety and other psychiatric symptoms.
MAOIs were initially developed as antidepressants but are also effective for treating anxiety disorders. They are typically used as a last resort after other treatments, such as psychotherapy and SSRIs, have failed. MAOIs can cause several side effects, including headaches, dizziness, and gastrointestinal problems. They can also interact with other medications, so it's important to talk to your doctor before starting an MAOI.
Beta-blockers are a class of medication typically used to treat heart conditions. However, they can also be effective in treating anxiety disorders. They block hormone adrenaline effects. This can help to reduce symptoms of anxiety, such as a rapid heart rate and sweating. Beta-blockers are usually only prescribed for short-term use, as they can cause side effects such as fatigue and cold hands and feet. However, they can be an effective treatment for people with anxiety disorders who do not respond to other treatments.
Alternatives to Medicines
Exercise can work like a wonder for anxiety disorders. Research indicates that exercise can reduce symptoms of anxiety and improve mood. Exercise works by reducing levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which can help to ease anxiety and improve mood. Additionally, exercise can increase levels of endorphin hormones to boost your mood. For these reasons, exercise can be a helpful tool in treating anxiety disorders.
Meditation is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders. It works by helping you to focus your attention and become more aware of the present moment- calming your mind and body to curb anxiety with ease.
With n-number of meditation options available, choose a method that best works for you. Some people prefer to sit or lie in a quiet place, while others prefer to walk or move around while meditating. Many guided meditation programs are also available online or in app form.
If you're new to meditation, it's best to start with a short session (5-10 minutes) once or twice a day. Once you get the hang of it, you can gradually increase the length of your sessions as needed.
Before taking any drug for anxiety disorder, you must ask your doctor's permission. Many medications used to treat anxiety disorders can have serious side effects, so it is vital to ensure that you take the proper remedy for your condition. If you are unsure about what drug to accept or have any concerns about side effects, be sure to speak with your doctor before starting any new medication.
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