What is an adjective clause in English grammar?

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An adjective clause is a clause which performs the function of an adjective in a sentence. The adjective is a word which modifies a noun or pronoun in a sentence. For example, a tall man, (where tall is an adjective) etc.

The adjective clause may be introduced by a relative pronoun (whom, which, that, who etc) or relative adverb (where, when, after, before etc).

Examples of the Adjective Clause

  • Ram, who is the monitor of our class, is intelligent.

  • She is the neighbor, whose dog is Ill-behaved.

  • Give me a reason why should I believe you.

Here, 'who is the monitor of the class' in the first example,

'Whose dog is ill-behaved' in the second example and 'why should I believe you' are illustrations of adjective clauses.

The reason is that in the first example, Ram is a noun and the clause explains the noun. In the second example, 'neighbor' is a common noun and the clause explains it. In the third example, 'reason' is again a common noun and the best part of the sentence explains it.

NOTE: Adjective clause is a kind of subordinate clause, which may also be called a relative clause.

Published on 14-Feb-2019 12:02:15