- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Operating System
- C Programming
- Social Studies
- Fashion Studies
- Legal Studies
- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who
Types of Stepper Motors
A stepper motor is an electromechanical energy conversion device which converts electrical input power into mechanical output power. Basically, it is a brushless motor that can divide a full rotation into an equal number of steps and the operation of the motor can be accurately controlled with no-feedback system when the motor is properly sized to the application.
Practically, the stepper motors are manufactured in sizes ranging from milli-watts to hundreds of watts and the maximum torque values upto 15 N-m and the step angle from 1.8° to 90° mechanical.
Types of Stepper Motors
Depending upon the rotor arrangement, the stepper motors are of three types viz −
Variable reluctance (VR) stepper motor
Permanent magnet (PM) stepper motor
Hybrid stepper motor (combination of VR and PM stepper motors)
Advantages of Stepper Motors
The chief advantages of the stepper motors are given as follows −
Stepper motors have longer life.
Stepper motors have high holding torque.
Stepper motors have a low maintenance cost.
Stepper motors produce high torque at low speed.
Stepper motors operate on an open-loop system and do not require an encoder, this makes the stepper motor less complex and inexpensive.
The rotation angle of the stepper motor is proportional to the input pulse.
Stepper motors have excellent response to starting, stopping and reversing.
Disadvantages of Stepper Motors
Stepper motors suffer from the following disadvantages −
With the increase in the speed of the motor, the torque of the stepper motor starts to decrease.
Stepper motors take a much larger current, which makes them less efficient.
There is no feedback used in the stepper motor which indicates to the missed steps.
Applications of Stepper Motors
The stepper motors have a wide range of applications. Stepper motors are digitally controlled motors, hence, they are more suitable for use with the computer controlled systems. Some of the applications of the stepper motors are given as follows −
Stepper motors are used in numeric control of machines tools.
They are used in tape drives and floppy disc drives.
They are used in printers and X-Y plotters.
They also find application in robotics, textile industries, integrated circuit fabrication and electric watches etc.
Stepper motors are also used in space crafts launched for scientific explorations of planets.
Stepper motors are used in the production of science fiction movies.
Apart from the above applications, the stepper motors are also used in commercial, medical and military applications and will be increasingly used in future.
Stepper motors are used in automotive gauges and automated production devices.
Stepper motors are used in medical scanners, samplers, digital dental photography, respirators, blood analysis machinery and many more medical applications.
Stepper motors are used in digital cameras for automatic focus and zoom functions
- Types of Motors
- Types of AC Motors
- Types of Motors Used in an Elevator (Elevator Motors)
- Electric Breaking of DC Motors – Types of Electric Breaking
- Types of DC Motors - Series, Shunt and Compound Wound
- Types of Electric Motors Used in Industrial Electric Drives
- Characteristics of DC Motors – Shunt, Series and Compound Motors
- Difference between Brushed Motors and Brushless Motors
- Desirable Characteristics of Traction Motors
- Interfacing Stepper Motor with 8051Microcontroller
- Step Angle in Stepper Motor
- What is Hybrid Stepper Motor?
- Torque-Pulse Rate Characteristics of a Stepper Motor
- Applications of 3-Phase Induction Motors
- Plain Rheostatic Starting of Traction Motors