Treatment for Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are characterized by the development of swelling and expanded veins inside and outside the anus and rectum. They may induce rectal bleeding, in addition to being unpleasant and uncomfortable. Pile disease is another name for hemorrhoids. We are all born with hemorrhoids, but for the most part, they do not cause us any discomfort. Only after they have grown swollen and enlarged do they cause bothersome symptoms to the patient.


In most cases, the signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids are determined by the specific type of hemorrhoid present.

External Hemorrhoids

These may be found immediately around your anus, just below the skin's surface. There might be a variety of symptoms, including −

  • Itchiness or irritability in the area around your anus

  • Aching or distressing sensations

  • Eruption of redness and swelling around your genitalia

  • Bleeding

Hemorrhoids located lnternally

Hemorrhoids found within the rectum are referred to be internal. They are often unable to be seen or felt and seldom cause pain. However, passing feces, straining or discomfort might cause the following −

  • Bleeding is not painful and occurs with bowel motions. You may see a few little spots of bright crimson blood on your toilet paper or in the toilet bowl.

  • A hemorrhoid that has prolapsed or protruded through the anal orifice causes discomfort and irritation. A prolapsed hemorrhoid is another name for this issue.

How would you know if you need Treatment?

Talk to your doctor if you have bleeding after bowel movements or if your hemorrhoids do not improve after a week of self-care treatment at home for either condition. It's important ot to assume that hemorrhoids cause rectal bleeding, mainly if you've seen changes in your bowel habits or if the color or content of your feces has changed. Bleeding from the rectalcavity is a symptom of several disorders, including colorectal and anal cancer. If you experience a significant quantity of rectal bleeding, light-headedness, dizziness, or faintness, you should seek immediate medical attention.

Possible Treatments

Hemorrhoids often only cause modest discomfort, but specific home remedies may also reduce swelling and inflammation caused by the condition.

  • Consume foods that are rich in fiber. Eat a diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and grains that are whole. The stool will become easier to pass and will have a greater volume due to your actions, which will allow you to avoid straining, which is known to worsen symptoms of existing hemorrhoids. To prevent issues with gas, gradually increase the amount of fiber in your diet.

  • Apply remedies directly to the skin. Put on a pad containing witch hazel or a numbing agent, use an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository that contains hydrocortisone, or use a hemorrhoid cream or suppository that contains hydrocortisone.

  • Regular-size or warm bath soaks are advised. If you're experiencing pain in the anal area, try soaking in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes, two to three times daily. Consume some pain medications by mouth. Aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen (Tylenol and other brands), as well as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and other brands), may provide you with temporary relief from the pain you are experiencing.

  • When using these therapies, the symptoms of hemorrhoids often disappear within a week. Visit your physician in one week if you are still experiencing discomfort or earlier if you are experiencing significant pain or bleeding.

Creams, ointments, suppositories, and pads purchased over the counter may be recommended by your physician if the pain caused by your hemorrhoids is only slight. These treatments include chemicals like witch hazel, hydrocortisone, and lidocaine, which may temporarily reduce pain and itching. Other components in these items include menthol andcamphor. Because steroid creams available over-the-counter might cause your skin to become more fragile, you hould only use them for a week unless otherwise recommended by your physician.


Surgery is an option that your doctor may suggest if you have severe pain from external or internal hemorrhoids that are very big.

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: It is recommended that the hemorrhoids be surgically removed for the best results. However, the recuperation process is sometimes excruciating and might take several weeks.

  • Staple placement in hemorrhoid: The blood supply to internal hemorrhoids is cut off during this procedure, and the prolapsed tissue is moved back into place. The healing process is hastened, but there is an increased likelihood that the hemorrhoids may recur.


Take the necessary procedures to soften your stools before your appointment. Eat a greater variety of meals rich in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and think about taking an over-the-counter fiber supplement, such as Metamucil or Citrucel. It's possible that alleviating your symptoms may also assist if you drink six to eight glasses of water daily. But whatever the situation is, it is always advised to visit a doctor.

Updated on: 12-Jan-2023


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