The :nth-child Pseudo-class in CSS

CSSWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

The CSS :nth-child() pseudo-class selects an element that is the nth child element of some other element.

Syntax

Following is the syntax −

:nth-child(){
   /*declarations*/
}

Example

Let’s see an example for CSS :nth-child() Pseudo class −

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>CSS :nth-child() Pseudo Class</title>
<style>
form {
   width:70%;
   margin: 0 auto;
   text-align: center;
}
* {
   padding: 2px;
   margin:5px;
   box-sizing: border-box;
}
input[type="button"] {
   border-radius: 10px;
}
.child{
   display: inline-block;
   height: 40px;
   width: 40px;
   color: white;
   border: 4px solid black;
}
.child:nth-child(1){
   background-color: #FF8A00;
}
.child:nth-child(2){
   background-color: #F44336;
}
.child:nth-child(3){
   background-color: #C303C3;
}
.child:nth-child(4){
   background-color: #4CAF50;
}
.child:nth-child(5){
   background-color: #03A9F4;
}
.child:nth-child(6){
   background-color: #FEDC11;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<form>
<fieldset>
<legend>CSS :nth-child() Pseudo Class</legend>
<div id="container">
<div class="child"></div><div class="child"></div><div class="child"></div><div class="child"></div><div class="child"></div><div class="child"></div>
</div><br>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

Example

Let’s see another example of CSS nth-child() Pseudo class −

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
* {
   font-size: 1.1em;
   list-style: circle;
}
li:first-child {
   background-color: seashell;
   font-family: cursive;
}
li:nth-child(2) {
   background-color: azure;
   font-family: "Brush Script Std", serif;
}
li:last-child {
   background-color: springgreen;
   font-family: "Gigi", Arial;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<p>Famous Cricket Stadiums</p>
<ul>
<li>Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India</li>
<li>Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia</li>
<li>DY Patil Sports Stadium, Navi Mumbai, India</li>
</ul>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

raja
Published on 08-Jan-2020 11:39:44
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