Recovering from Mono: Things You Must Know


Mono is not a dangerous illness; most individuals recover from it on their own without needing therapy. Despite this, symptoms such as excessive weariness, bodily pains, and others may make it difficult to function normally at school, work, and everyday life. If you have mono, you might have symptoms of illness for around a month.

What Exactly is Mononucleosis, or Mono for Short?

Mononucleosis is a disease that often strikes adolescents and young adults, although it may also afflict more youthful people. Mononucleosis can even strike children. The condition is caused by a variety of infectious agents, the most prevalent of which is the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). Due to the ease with which it may be transmitted by body fluids such as saliva, mono is sometimes referred to as the kissing illness.

Your doctor may diagnose mononucleosis based on the signs and symptoms you've been experiencing and the length of time they've been present through a physical exam. When you explain your symptoms, he or she will examine for indicators such as enlarged lymph nodes, tonsils, liver, or spleen and will assess how these signals connect to the symptoms.

Blood Tests

Tests for antibodies If more evidence is required, a mono spot test will be carried out on your blood to look for antibodies specific to the Epstein-Barr virus. The findings of this screening exam are sent within one day. Nevertheless, there is a possibility that it will not identify the infection during the first week when the sickness is present. A separate antibody test takes much longer to get results, but it may identify the condition even just one week after the onset of symptoms.

A count of the white blood cells Your physician may do further blood tests to check for an abnormally high number of white blood cells (lymphocytes) or lymphocytes that have an aberrant appearance. These blood tests will not establish the presence of mononucleosis; nonetheless, they may point in the right direction.

If you are still experiencing symptoms, you should prioritize getting rest and drinking enough fluids.

The signs and symptoms of mono may persist anywhere from a few weeks to a month and, in adolescents and adults, are comparable to those of a severe cold or the flu. Antibiotics and other treatments do not address the sickness's origin, a viral infection. Thus, medication will not necessarily help the mono go away quicker. Because a viral infection causes mono, medication does not treat the cause of the illness. So, to allow your body to cure itself, medical professionals recommend getting enough rest and drinking plenty of water.

Who is at Risk of Contracting Mononucleosis (mono)?

There are often two points in a person's life when the risk of contracting EBV is at its highest: first, when they are small children, and then again, when they are adolescents or young adults. Mono is most common among persons in their teens and early 20s who may or may not exhibit any disease symptoms. Little toddlers often do not show any symptoms of mono. Mono affects around one in every four persons of this age range infected with EBV. Nevertheless, anybody of any age may get infected with mono.

The following are some suggestions for alleviating symptoms −

  • Provide Lots of time for yourself to rest and relax.

If you are used to leading an active lifestyle, following this prescription may be challenging. When you have mono, obtaining more rest is essential to your recovery from the illness. The infection may become more severe if enough rest is not obtained.

During at least the first week that you are having symptoms, medical professionals advise obtaining at least the minimum suggested amount of seven to nine hours of sleep every night, which is the amount that everyone should be receiving (and more if you feel like you can). Following the first week, you will be able to progressively increase the amount of activity you do.

You don't need to be entirely on bed rest when you're not sleeping. There is a danger of 'deconditioning' if you become too sedentary. When you're not feeling sleepy, you don't need to be completely on bed rest. Nonetheless, it is not recommended that you stick to your regular routine at all costs.

If your spleen is enlarged, you should avoid participating in contact sports. Even after your symptoms have subsided, it may take a few more weeks for the swelling in your spleen to go down, which means that you are still at an increased risk of rupturing it compared to when you were healthy. In addition to staying away from contact sports, those who have recovered from mono should avoid engaging in strenuous activity or moving heavy objects for the next month, if not longer. For children, this implies that they are not allowed to roughhouse with their siblings at home either.

  • Give some exercise a shot.

Do whatever you feel comfortable doing if your doctor has checked you and determined that you do not have an enlarged spleen. If you are feeling up to it, doing some light exercise like yoga or walking will help you remain active and healthy while also allowing you to gradually build up your strength while you recuperate.

  • Do not overdo it in an effort to improve more quickly.

The recovery process from mono requires both time and relaxation. If you attempt to go back to your regular activities too soon after being sick, you run the risk of making your condition worse and slowing down the healing process. Pay attention to your bodily cues. Everyone is different; you should try to do as much as you can.

On the other hand, if you start experiencing any sudden or sharp pain in the left side of your upper abdomen (ruptured spleen), difficulty breathing, frequent urination, or feeling dehydrated, see your doctor or go to the emergency department immediately. Talk to your doctor about how fast you should be going back to your normal activities if you are unclear about how quickly you should be getting back to them. Your doctor will know what is best for you.

  • When you have mono, is it possible to continue working?

If your employer does not demand hard physical activity or manual labour, it is up to you to determine whether or not you will work and how much you will be able to take on while you are recovering.

Conclusion

While dealing with tiredness, patients are advised by their physicians to pay attention to their bodies and take a break from their jobs if the condition becomes problematic. It is also recommended by medical professionals that patients let their coworkers and supervisors know that they have mono so that their coworkers would understand why it is necessary for them to relax. When it comes to determining when someone should return to the workplace, the rule of thumb is that they should do so as soon as they feel that they are healthy enough to do so. As mono cannot be transmitted via casual contact, there is no need to miss work due to fears about being contagious if you have mono.

Updated on: 03-Mar-2023

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