Found 42 Articles for Git

How to Add an Empty Directory in Git

Satish Kumar
Updated on 27-Apr-2023 15:00:55
Git is a popular version control system that enables you to manage your source code, track changes, and collaborate with others. It also helps you keep a record of every change made to your codebase, including the creation of new directories. However, sometimes you may need to add an empty directory to your Git repository, which may seem challenging at first glance. In this article, we will explore how to add an empty directory in Git. What is an Empty Directory in Git? Before we dive into the process of adding an empty directory in Git, let's first understand what ... Read More

Benefits of Content-Addressed Storage

Raunak Jain
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 18:10:41
Content-addressed storage (CAS) is a type of data storage that uses unique identifiers, known as hashes, to store and retrieve data. CAS systems offer several benefits over traditional storage systems, including improved data integrity, easier data management, and faster retrieval times. In this article, we'll explore the benefits of CAS in detail and provide code examples to help you get started with implementing a CAS system. Improved Data Integrity One of the major benefits of CAS is improved data integrity. In traditional storage systems, data is typically stored based on its location on a physical storage medium, such as a ... Read More

How to clone a GitHub repository?

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:48:47
Cloning a repository involves downloading a copy of the source code from source control. In other words, cloning is creating a copy of an existing repository. Consider an example where multiple users are working on a project. This feature can be used by the users to create a development copy.If you have a GitHub repository, you need to first invite collaborators into the repository. Each collaborator will then clone the repository into their local machines.Locally they will work with this cloned repository, make local changes and perform commits on it. Once they are ready to share their changes with others ... Read More

How to add collaborators to a repository in GitHub?

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 09:01:54
Even if you have a public repository in GitHub, not everyone has the permission to push code into your repository. Other users have a read-only access and cannot modify the repository. In order to allow other individuals to make changes to your repository, you need to invite them to collaborate to the project.The following steps should be performed to invite other team members to collaborate with your repository.Step 1 − Click on the Settings tab in the right corner of the GitHub page.Step 2 − Go to Manage Access option under the Settings tab. On the Manage Access page, you ... Read More

How to create a GitHub repository

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:56:29
A GitHub account is a pre-requisite for creating a GitHub repository. Follow the below steps after registering with GitHub.Step 1 − Login to the GitHub account. Once you login to your account you will see a ‘+’ button on the right. Click on the button and select "New repository" option to create a new repository.Configure the following in the create a new repository page.Repository name: GitHub will validate the repository name that you have entered.Type of the repository: GitHub lets you create the following types of repositories −Private repository − Private Repository is the one that can be accessed only ... Read More

Explain Git collaboration workflow

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:51:33
Version control systems are of two types - centralized and distributed. In a centralized system there will be one single repository that is shared by all team members. Problem with this system is that if the central repo goes offline then all people dependent on the central repo will be affected.In git each person has a repository which means they are not dependent on the central server. They can work offline with this model. But how can we collaborate with this model? Synchronizing with each user of the repository would take time but we can have a better workflow which ... Read More

Explain cherry picking in Git

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:43:27
Cherry picking is a way to choose specific commits from one branch and apply them to another branch. This is useful when you want to select specific changes from a pull request.git cherry-pick {commit_hash}The above command will cherry pick the commit associated with the specified commit hash to the current branch.From the above commits shown in the diagram, we need to apply only commit F1 from the feature branch to the master branch.In this case, the master branch after cherry picking will look as below.Example$ dell@DESKTOP-N961NR5 MINGW64 /e/tut_repo $ git init Initialized empty Git repository in E:/tut_repo/.git/ $ dell@DESKTOP-N961NR5 ... Read More

Explain rebasing in Git

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:34:57
Rebasing alters a sequence of commits. It moves or relocates a sequence of commits from current branch to the target branch. By default, the commits from the current branch that are not already on the other branch are rebased. Rebasing technique allows us to keep a linear history.Let us understand from this from the diagram below.To rebase we need to be in the branch which needs to be rebased into the target. In our scenario, we need to execute the rebase command on the feature branch. After executing the rebase command we will get a linear history.After executing the rebase ... Read More

Explain squash merging in Git

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:29:06
Imagine if your feature branch has large number of commits- E.g. 100s commits. Rather than merging all commits individually from feature to master, there is an option to add up all commits into a single commit. This is called a squash commit because it "squashes" all the individual commits into one big change. As far as the history of the master branch is concerned, the history of the feature branch would be lost.We can use the following command to squash-merge the commits of a branch to the master branch.$ git merge --squash feature_branchThe diagram shows that we have 3 commits ... Read More

How to undo a faulty merge with revert command in Git?

Kannan Sudhakaran
Updated on 30-Apr-2021 08:25:22
Let us say we performed a merge commit, shared this commit and later found out that the code is not compiling or our application is not working. This happens if we make mistakes while merging. In situations like these we need to undo the merge using the git revert command.Consider the following diagram, where the repository has two branches – master and a feature branch. Both the branches are diverged and have two commits each. The commits in the feature branch the (C3 and C4) are merged into the master branch and the resulting commit is shared. Let us assume ... Read More