Java program to implement binary search

Java8Java Programming Object Oriented Programming

Binary search is a fast search algorithm with run-time complexity of Ο(log n). This search algorithm works on the principle of divide and conquer. For this algorithm to work properly, the data collection should be in the sorted form.

The binary search looks for a particular item by comparing the middle most item of the collection. If a match occurs, then the index of the item is returned. If the middle item is greater than the item, then the item is searched in the sub-array to the left of the middle item. Otherwise, the item is searched for in the sub-array to the right of the middle item. This process continues on the sub-array as well until the size of the subarray reduces to zero.

Example

Live Demo

public class BinarySearch {
   public static void main(String args[]){
      int array[] = {10, 20, 25, 57, 63, 96};
      int size = array.length;
      int low = 0;
      int high = size-1;
      int value = 25;
      int mid = 0;
      mid = low +(high-low)/2;

      while(low<=high){
         if(array[mid] == value){
            System.out.println(mid);
            break;
         }
         else if(array[mid]<value)
         low = mid+1;
         else high = mid - 1;
      }
      mid = (low+high)/2;
   }
}

Output

2
raja
Published on 25-Apr-2018 07:49:09
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