Psychological Model of Health: Meaning & Significance

Medical decision-making must be delegated to the treating physician or other medical staff. However, health psychologists see thought patterns as entangled with physical phenomena in ailment and as a prospective contributory factor in well-being and illness.

Meaning of the Psychological Model of Health

Health psychology looks into many approaches to persuading individuals to take an active role in health promotion, disease prevention, and maintenance. Health psychologists focus on the interplay between individual and environmental influences on health-related decisions. Wellness psychology is the scientific study of how people's mental health is affected by environmental and lifestyle factors and how these factors interact with one another to cause disease and dysfunction. It also encompasses the evaluation and advancement of the healthcare system and healthcare formation. Each person is considered an active rather than a passive participant in their illness's initiation, development, and resolution.

Theories, Models, and Other Such Things

There is a wide variety of these. Some are drawn from or built upon theories of learning and behavior, while others originate in health psychology studies. The following are a few examples of such systems that seem directly applicable to diabetes. Each method's foundations are laid forth, and both positive and negative assessments and recommendations for its use in diabetes management are provided.

Objectives in Health Psychology

Protect and improve health, Care for people and help them stay healthy, Determine what factors contribute to health, disease, and associated dysfunction, and how they might be diagnosed, and Evaluate current healthcare systems and policy analysis to make improvements.

Perspectives on Health Belief Structure

The model of health beliefs (HBM) is a cognitive model which focuses on how a person justifies their actions without considering the perspectives of others. It has significantly advanced the field of health behavior prediction. An individual's propensity to engage in healthful behavior is hypothesized to be increased by the HBM. Studies indicating an impact on the elements both together and individually provide credence to the HBM. Anxiety-inducing warnings, informational pamphlets, posters, and the unfavorable consequences of behaviors like smoking have all been the object of extensive study. The results of this study may be observed in any community-based health education program.

Health Locus Control

The internal/external causation feature of the social theory of learning and attribution theory gave rise to the health hub of control (HLC) concept. Researchers argue that individuals have a "generalized expectation" about the results of their activities, which is influenced by their prior knowledge and the importance they place on those results. If a person believes that they, and only they, are in charge of their fate, then an internal dimension exists; otherwise, an external one does. Within the framework of attribution theory, four factors contribute to an event's causation

  • Whether from the inside or out.

  • Intended Audience: either locally or internationally

  • Can it be controlled, or is it out of my hands?

  • The opposite of stable.

Intentional Behavior Theory

For this reason, reasoned action (TPB) is classified as a neurocognitive model since it accounts for the influence of significant people's views on an individual's behaviors. TPB's significance lies in its placing a premium on the importance of purpose when executing health-promoting actions. Attitudes of the person and others toward health behavior, as well as the individual's feeling of competence over the behavioral tendency, might influence these intentions.

Changing Behavior via a Trans Theoretical Lens

It is also known as the phases of change model. The combined several processes suggested by other therapies that foster behavior change into a composite model that acknowledges, Precontemplation (the person is not evaluating any change), Contemplative prayer (the person is considering taking action about a problem), Time to prepare (the person is prepared to intervene), Action (the person undertakes a health behavior), and Upkeep, Although it may appear static, the model is rather flexible, allowing for a person to jump around between phases as needed. The model also provides a time frame for behavior, indicating, for instance, that the contemplation stage may take many months and the active stage up to six months after the preparation stage.

The Benefits of the Bio-Psychosocial Framework

Research has shown that the bio-psychosocial model's ability to guide the application of medical expertise to each patient's requirements benefits both patients and the healthcare system. Improved physical and mental health, less propensity to launch malpractice lawsuits, increased patient satisfaction, more compliance with prescribed treatments, etc.

Creation and Implementation of Methods

Lessen the need for readmission once a patient has already been admitted many times. People with health problems are seen as contributors to their well-being and rehabilitation rather than as passive recipients of pity.

Decreasing Medication Overuse

Improvements in resistance to disease via the use of newly developed psychological approaches. Pain and other psychological issues may be predicted using the bio-psychosocial model, which can then inform the design of effective preventative and therapeutic programmers.

Enhanced Ability for Medical Professionals

information to patients Programmed to enhance the quality of life for those with long-term conditions, physical disabilities, and the elderly. A major impact on how we perceive mental health issues today.

Tedious and Costly to Apply

An increased focus on the individual's socioeconomic background, cultural background, religious background, and any psychological aspects that may influence their condition throughout the examination is necessary.


The emphasis was placed mostly on applying the bio-psychosocial paradigm to public health. Medical excellence, according to the authors, consistently employs a bio-psychosocial framework. It has been shown to lessen the tension between doctors and their patients, improving treatment, compliance, and satisfaction. The bio-psychosocial model's benefits and its detractors were discussed. Further study is required to assess whether or not the photo model is viable in health care to benefit all patients, although it seems that patients and health care are likely to profit from its adoption. In particular, most public health practitioners need an in-depth understanding of psychological variables' role in shaping health and illness. Unfortunately, many medical systems in low-income areas need more resources to implement a more comprehensive model like the bio-psychosocial one. Due to a lack of training opportunities and financial resources, there is a lack of psychiatrists, general practitioners, mental health nurses, and social welfare professionals. The approach must give clear principles for prioritizing clinical practice or directions for clinical therapy.