Add & Format Tables Powerpoint 2010


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One of the most powerful data representation techniques is the use of tables. Table allows information to be segregated making it easy to read. PowerPoint has features that let you add tables in slides and also format them to enhance their visual effects. What's more, these tables are also compatible with Microsoft Excel, so you can basically take a spreadsheet or a section of a spreadsheet and paste it into a slide as a table.

The following steps will help you add a table in PowerPoint.

Step 1 − Go to the Tables group under the Insert ribbon.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

Step 2 − Click on the dropdown and select your table dimension from the matrix.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

Step 3 − If you require more than 10 columns or 8 rows click on "Insert Table" to open the Insert Table dialog where you can specify the column and row count.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

PowerPoint table is a simple table that does not support the mathematical features of an Excel spreadsheet. If you want to carry out some calculations, you can insert an Excel spreadsheet instead of a regular table.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

This will insert the spreadsheet in the slide and as long as the spreadsheet is selected, the ribbon at the top will be changed to an Excel ribbon instead of a PowerPoint one.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

The PowerPoint table formatting features have been grouped under two ribbons: Design and Format. The sections below discuss the features under each ribbon. To access these ribbons, you must select the table first.

Table Design Features

We will now understand the table design features in PowerPoint.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

The following table shows the different table design features −

Feature Sub Features Description
Table Style Options Header Row Adds a different shade to the first row to distinguish it.
Total Row Adds a different shade to the last row to distinguish it.
Banded Rows Shades alternate rows in the table with the same color.
First Column Adds a different shade to the first column to distinguish it.
Last Column Adds a different shade to the last row to distinguish it.
Banded Columns Shades alternate columns in the table with the same color.
Table Styles Shading Offers different shades to be added to selected table/ row/ column/ cell. You can pick from solid shade, texture, image or gradient shading.
Border Offers different border options for the table. You can edit the border color, thickness and style
Effects Offers the ability to create table shadow or reflection. You can also create bevels for individual cells.
Word Art Styles Text Fill Allows you to change the color of the text within the table.
Text Outline Allows you to add an outline to the text within the table and change the outline color, weight and style.
Text Effects Allows you to add special effects (like reflection, shadow etc.) to the text within the table.
Quick Styles Contains a list of pre-defined Word Art styles that can be applied to the selected text within the table with a single click.
Draw Borders Pen Style Defines the style of the table border when you draw it.
Pen Weight Defines the thickness of the table border when you draw it.
Pen Color Defines the color of the table border when you draw it.
Draw Table Allows you to append new rows, columns, cells to existing table, split existing rows, columns or cells and draw brand new tables.
Eraser Allows you to delete table borders and merge cells, rows or columns.

Table Format Features

We will now understand the various table format features in PowerPoint.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

The following table shows the various table format features −

Feature Sub Features Description
Table Select Allows you to select the entire table or the row(s) or column(s) depending on the position of your cursor.
View Gridlines Toggles the gridline display within the table.
Rows & Columns Delete Allows you to delete selected row(s) or column(s) or the entire table.
Insert Above Inserts a row above the row where the cursor is currently. If you haven't placed the cursor within the table, it adds a new row at the top of the table.
Insert Below Inserts a row below the row where the cursor is currently. If you haven't placed the cursor within the table, it adds a new row at the bottom of the table.
Insert Left Inserts a column to the left of the column where the cursor is currently. If you haven't placed the cursor within the table, it adds a new column to the left of the table.
Insert Right Inserts a column to the right of the column where the cursor is currently. If you haven't placed the cursor within the table, it adds a new column to the right of the table.
Merge Merge Allows you to merge cells, rows or columns. This is enabled only if you have selected more than one cell, row or column.
Split Cells Allows you to specify the number of rows and columns into which the current section of cell(s) need to be split.
Cell Size Height/ Width Defines the height and width of the selected cell. Usually if you change these aspects for a single cell, the change affects the entire row or column too.
Distribute Rows Equalizes the height of all the rows to fit the current table height.
Distribute Columns Equalizes the width of all the columns to fit the current table width.
Alignment Horizontal Alignment Allows you to align the selected text to the left, right or center of the cell.
Vertical Alignment Allows you to align the selected text to the top, bottom or middle of the cell.
Text Direction Allows you to change the direction of the selected text within the cells.
Cell Margins Allows you to define the margins within the cell.
Table Size Height Allows you to adjust the table height - it retains the relative heights of the individual rows while changing the overall table height.
Width Allows you to adjust the table width - it retains the relative widths of the individual columns while changing the overall table width.
Lock Aspect Ratio Checking this box will ensure the ratio between the table height and width is maintained when one of these is changed.
Arrange Bring Forward Allows you to move the table up by one layer or right to the top.
Send Backward Allows you to move the table down by one layer or right to the bottom of the slide.
Selection Pane Toggles the Selection and Visibility sidebar.
Align Allows you to align the entire table with reference to the slide.


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