Peacemaking: In the Era of New War

The need for peace is universal and timeless, yet the ways of achieving it constantly evolve. Peacemaking has taken many forms throughout history, from negotiations between nations to community mediations. With the advent of new technologies and changes in global politics, peacemaking is transforming, creating a new experience for those involved. Peacemaking has become a vital aspect of our daily lives as people are increasingly aware of the importance of peace in the world. From conflict resolution in relationships to global peace initiatives, peacemaking has become a critical skill for everyone.

What is Peacemaking?

Peacebuilding has developed as one of the approaches supported and pursued by governments and non-governmental organizations to aid society in healing from the impacts of violent conflicts to avert a return to violence. Peacebuilding has become a symbol of shared sovereignty between the local population and the international community. It is also a continuation of the notion of international trusteeship, which was used to administrate dependent peoples and territories after WWII. Unlike trusteeship, which existed in the twentieth century, peacebuilding may be considered a result of globalization and global governance, which sought to influence and alter local governance structures.

Benefits of Peacemaking

Peacemaking has numerous benefits, including improved relationships, reduced violence and aggression, increased cooperation and understanding, and a more harmonious world. In addition, peacemaking promotes empathy, compassion, and a sense of community, which leads to a more peaceful world.

Becoming an Effective Peacemaker

Understanding Conflict − The first step in peacemaking is understanding the conflict. This involves identifying the root causes of the conflict and the different perspectives of those involved. It is important to approach conflict openly and understand that everyone has a unique perspective.

Building Relationships − Building strong relationships is key to effective peacemaking. This involves creating an environment of trust and understanding where all parties feel heard and respected. Building relationships can help to resolve conflicts and create a more peaceful environment.

Finding Common Ground − The next step in peacemaking is to find common ground between the parties involved in the conflict. This involves identifying shared values and goals and working towards a solution that meets everyone's needs.

Developing a Plan − Once common ground has been found, the next step is to develop a plan to resolve the conflict. This plan should be mutually agreed upon and involve all parties. It is important to involve everyone in the process so that they feel invested in the solution.

Implementing the Plan − The final step in peacemaking is to implement the plan and ensure it is successful. This involves monitoring progress, addressing any issues, and making necessary adjustments.

Tips for Successful Peacemaking

It can be studied under the following sub-headings

Remain Neutral − It is important to approach conflict with a neutral perspective and avoid taking sides.

Listen Actively − Active listening is a critical component of peacemaking. Listen to all parties involved, and try to understand their perspectives.

Be Empathetic − Empathy is key to understanding the motivations and perspectives of others. Practice putting yourself in others' shoes, and try understanding their experiences.

Focus on Solutions − Rather than dwelling on past events, focus on finding solutions to the conflict.

Be Persistent − Peacemaking is not always a quick or easy process. It requires persistence, patience, and a commitment to finding a solution.

The Changing Landscape of Peacemaking

The Role of Technology − Technology has dramatically changed the way conflicts are. The rise of social media and instant communication has increased the speed at which information is disseminated. It has also given a voice to those who previously had none. Online platforms have created new opportunities for dialogue and have made it possible for people to connect across borders and cultures. This has both positive and negative impacts on peacemaking, as the ease of communication can facilitate

The rise of Non-State Actors − In recent years, non-state actors, such as civil society organizations, have taken a more prominent role in peacemaking. These actors can bring fresh perspectives and innovations to the process and help bridge the gap between the conflicting parties. However, their lack of formal power can also limit their ability to bring lasting peace.

The Shifting Global Power Dynamics − Power distribution among nations and international organizations has also changed in recent years. The rise of new actors, such as China and India, has challenged traditional Western dominance, and the shifting power dynamics have significantly impacted peacemaking. This has created new opportunities for cooperation and new challenges for conflict resolution.

The Challenges of the New Experience of Peacemaking

The Spread of Misinformation − The rapid spread of misinformation through social media and other digital platforms has created new challenges for peacemaking. Misinformation can stoke tensions and escalate conflicts, making them difficult to resolve. Peacemakers must be able to identify and address false information in order to maintain a productive dialogue.

The Persistence of Traditional Power Dynamics − Despite the changes in the global landscape, traditional power dynamics persist in many conflicts. Peacemaking efforts can be hindered by the persistence of these power imbalances, preventing meaningful negotiations. Therefore, it is important for peacemakers to be aware of these dynamics and to work towards creating a more equitable playing field.

The Difficulty of Bridging Cultural Divides − Cultural divides can make peacemaking a challenging process, as conflicting parties may have fundamentally different values, beliefs, and perceptions. Bridging these divides requires a deep understanding of the cultural context and a willingness to compromise. Peacemakers must be able to navigate these cultural differences in order to bring about lasting peace


In conclusion, peacemaking is an ever-evolving process that requires adaptation to changing circumstances. The new experience of peacemaking is shaped by technological advancements, the rise of non-state actors, and shifting global power dynamics. The benefits of peacemaking are numerous, including improved relationships, reduced violence, increased cooperation and understanding, and a more harmonious world. To become an effective peacemaker, it is important to understand conflict, build relationships, find common ground, develop a plan, and implement it.

Tips for successful peacemaking include remaining neutral, listening actively, being empathetic, focusing on solutions, and being persistent. The new experience of peacemaking also brings new challenges, including the spread of misinformation, the persistence of traditional power dynamics, and the difficulty of bridging cultural divides. In today's world, peacemaking is a critical skill and requires a deep understanding of the context, a willingness to compromise, and a commitment to creating a more peaceful world.

Updated on: 20-Feb-2023


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