Parenting Styles

Parents provide a variety of forms of care for their kids. Parenting approaches and methods are referred to as parenting styles when discussing how parents raise their kids. There are various parenting philosophies, some of which may depend on the situation. We can comprehend the benefits and drawbacks of various parenting philosophies through research.

What are Parenting Styles?

Parenting styles are the strategies and practices parents use to raise their children. Every parent approaches interacting with and guiding their children differently. A child's morals, values, and behavior are typically created through this link. Parenting styles have been divided into three, four, five, or more psychological constructs by various studies. Only four parenting styles will be covered in this article: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved. Every group uses a different strategy for how parents bring up their kids. Each parent will typically fit into one of these groups and occasionally exhibit traits from another type. Situational factors can also affect parenting style.


This parent typically cultivates a tight, nurturing bond with their kids. They provide clear boundaries for expectations and provide justifications for disciplinary measures. Methods of discipline are applied as a kind of assistance rather than punishment. Children can contribute to setting objectives and expectations, and there is a regular and appropriate amount of communication between parents and their children. This parenting approach typically results in the healthiest outcomes for kids, but it demands much patience and works from both parents.


This type of parenting typically involves one-way communication in which the parent sets forth harsh rules that the child must abide by. The child has little to no room for bargaining, and the restrictions are typically not stated. They demand perfect behavior from their kids in order for them to uphold these ideals. Usually, mistakes are punished. Normal characteristics of authoritarian parents are a lack of nurturing, strong expectations, and little room for compromise. The most well-behaved kids in the room will typically be those who have grown up with authoritarian parents due to the repercussions of misbehaving. They can also better follow the detailed instructions needed to complete a task.

Additionally, this parenting approach can produce more aggressive kids who may also be timid, socially awkward, and unable to make judgments. They struggle to regulate their anger since they do not receive the right advice. Therefore their hostility may continue to be out of control. They have low self-esteem, which contributes to their bad decision-making. As a youngster, strict parental regulations and penalties can inspire a rebellion against authorities.


Warm and loving in nature, permissive parents typically have few, if any, demands. They place a few restrictions on their kids. While keeping lines of communication open, parents let their kids solve problems independently. Rare instances of discipline are typically the outcome of these low expectations. More so than parents, they behave more like friends. Children with few limits may develop harmful eating habits, particularly regarding snacks. Later in the child's life, this may lead to greater risks for obesity and other health issues. The child has much autonomy in deciding when to go to bed, whether or not to do their homework, and how much time they spend watching television and using the computer.


As this kind of parent typically keeps their distance, children are allowed a great deal of independence. While often maintaining their distance from their child's life, they meet the child's fundamental necessities. A detached parent has little communication with their child and does not use a particular correction method. They frequently provide little care and have little or no expectations for their kids. Children with various parenting styles are typically less resilient and may even be less self-sufficient than those with uninvolved parents. These abilities, though, were acquired because of necessity. Additionally, they could struggle with emotional regulation, less effective coping mechanisms, academic difficulties, and problems fostering or maintaining social relationships.

Parenting Style and Child Behavior

According to the American Psychological Association, the three fundamental purposes of parenting are instilling cultural values, ensuring children's health and safety, and preparing them for adulthood. These goals unquestionably have a high standard. Being a good parent is not always easy, and various biological and environmental factors impact whether or not children grow up to be productive, healthy, and helpful adults. Many factors can affect a child's performance, but much evidence suggests that parenting styles matter. Although we may not be able to definitively answer the complex question of how much parenting methods influence children's behavior development, we can be sure that parents significantly influence their offspring's behavior.

As a child age, their behaviors and actions could still reflect aspects of their parents' parenting style. As a youngster gets older, additional influences may have an even greater impact on how they behave or perhaps completely alter it (i.e., therapy, culture, job, and social circle). Regarding health outcomes, it is vital to identify which areas of concern are related to the upbringing style of a patient's parents (i.e., the habit of unmonitored snacking) and address the concerns at that level. Regarding behavioral or psychological intervention, these difficulties take on comparatively greater importance.

Whenever possible, healthcare professionals who treat children should become culturally competent. The clinician will be able to comprehend the family unit's dynamics by comprehending the family's history, the way norms are established, and discipline methods. Finding, supervising, or referring families will be simpler for the provider once they are familiar with parental upbringing methods. Knowing how the parents have raised the child may be important when intervening with children, especially if you suspect physical or verbal abuse. Better patient outcomes can result from understanding the child's home environment since more individualized approaches to the child's wellness can be used.


A parent's techniques in raising their child contribute to their parenting style. Parenting style can significantly impact whom the child grows up to be. Studies have shown that children can develop delinquent behavior due to the parenting style they are exposed to. This makes it extremely important for them to be exposed to healthy parenting. External support from teachers and the community can aid children with difficult parents.

Updated on: 10-Apr-2023


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