Name the organs of the human female reproductive system. Draw a neat, labelled diagram of the human female reproductive system and describe its working. How much is the gestation period in humans?

The female reproductive system organ comprises the ovaries, fallopian tube (uterine tube), uterus, cervix, and vagina.    

(i) Ovary: The function of the ovary is to produce one egg every month. It is also responsible for the production of female hormones.

(ii) Uterus: The function of the uterus is to prepare itself every month by thickening the endometrium lining of the uterus to receive a fertilized egg or a zygote. Thus, the embryo gets implanted in the soft lining of the uterus. The embryo implantation helps in the further development of the embryo and also to obtain nutrients and oxygen required for its development.

(iii) Fallopian tube: The fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or oviducts, are the female structure that allows the transport of eggs from the ovary to the uterus. It is the structure where the fertilization of egg and sperm takes place.

In humans, the average length of gestation period is 280 days or 40 weeks, initiating from the first day of the woman's last menstrual period.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 20-Mar-2023


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