Indian Theory of Leadership: Meaning & Application

Humanity is crucial in our contemporary, technological world, especially for all modern leadership roles. As a result, we must reconstruct historical information in light of the present. Since the beliefs and ideals they promote are timeless and equitable for the benefit of humanity, as I have shown, many of their commandments and notions appear to be of global significance today. Effective commanders, executives, and administrators at all levels in the broader community are known for having deeply ingrained wisdom. Development and instruction in combat forces, universities, and organizations must also incorporate the values and beliefs of these customs. In the first place, it is widely accepted that Indian leadership is authoritarian, with superiors carefully monitoring their followers and only allowing a small amount of follower engagement.

Lessons from Ancient India

Leadership qualities are indeed remarkable in a very scientific and logical way in the foundational text of political science and statecraft, Kautilya's Arthashastra, and the basic tenets of Buddhist philosophy. The process begins with mastering self-development and self-disciple, including getting rid of arrogance and anger. Having thus obtained self-control and discipline, the next stage is learning and getting educated. Further, how a job is performed depends on good counsel and is achieved by breaking up activity into logical and systematic steps. This process is akin to any modern leadership theory and its managerial aspects, applicable to the military and other professions. A short glance at the surrounding environment reveals the paradox that faith may cause dishonor, antagonism, and disturbance besides being a source of morals, charity, and cooperation. One obtains light when one combines faith and personality. Government and it together might start a conflagration. Faith is psychology at its essence. It stitches the common threads of humankind. Organizations show variances in the past, geography, and society on edge. These cultural aspects might occasionally be challenging to accept. Nevertheless, the fundamental ideas—kindness, fairness, and truth—are identical.

Kautilya's Way of Leadership

Kautilya describes the few elements of governance and leadership philosophies from Indian Culture. It is additionally examined how they relate to the war. The first sentence below Chanakya's text from the middle ages is taken into account along with some elements of Buddhist philosophy. The following (obligations) are shared by all: refraining from harm (to conscious beings), being honest, straight, clear from hatred, empathetic, and forbearing. Drawing out all the Set of 6 Opponents and mastery from over sensation: Surrendering desire, wrath, selfishness, ego, attitude, and recklessness can help you achieve mastery over your feelings, and this is what formal education is all about. The entirety of this discipline entails sensory command.

Transitions in Teachings and Knowledge

Introspection and mindfulness provide the way for success in education. Psychological intelligence is a modern term to describe this skill of identity. A passion for study or an inquisitive mindset is mentioned in detail as a prerequisite for cognitive growth. This general principle is identity, and in today's modern teaching and teaching delivery, instructors must employ creative techniques to pique learners' curiosity and arouse their "passion for learning." Kautilya needs to provide instructions on how to encourage pupils to want to study, yet it is feasible that anybody who upholds ideals like kindness.

Effectiveness at Task

Many times, it is said, "We develop magnificent ideas, but their execution is inadequate. Effectiveness ultimately starts with a determined thought; everything else follows. Everybody may have ideas, but only extraordinary men can see them through to completion. Prepare with clarity; after you have decided and started a project, stick to it no matter what obstacles come your way. Prevent being slow to act. Some other factor is that a group's players, each of whom has a different set of skills, must be carried along by the captain.


Any effective leadership requires strong communication abilities and the skill of convincing. As a result, the leader must also function as an educator or instructor. Thus effective communication abilities are required if he is to persuade his group. Kural's teachings are relevant now regarding public speaking, communicating, and inspiring others. Speaking over the eyes of the individuals you are addressing will not lead to proper behavior or any other kind of global benefit. Communicate in a way that is appropriate for the viewer's ability and knowledge. Only people who have yet to learn how to talk succinctly and accurately engage in extensive speech.

Other Theories of Leadership in India

Model of Nurturant-Task Leadership (Sinha 1980

According to this concept, the ideal leader is both nurturing and task-oriented. Leaders who are thoughtful and compassionate to their subordinates demonstrate the nurturing dimension of leadership. Nurturance is conditional on task completion. Thus, the boss becomes compassionate if the subordinate is task-oriented and works hard. Under NT leadership, a paternalistic and paternalistic attitude is part of the leadership process, as it is in many non-Western cultures.

OCTAPACE Model (Pareek, 1981)

The OCTAPACE idea was designed to design OD intervention. Pareek defines OCTAPACE as eight values: openness, collaboration, trust, authenticity, proactivity, autonomy, confrontation, and experimentation. These eight ideals are also representative of leadership principles or leadership characteristics. As a result, the OCTAPACE paradigm is also a leadership model

Karta Leadership Model (Singh & Bhandarkar, 1990)

According to this leadership paradigm, the leader is a 'Karta,' or the head of a joint/extended family. Karta-type leaders facilitate workers' engagement in management. He or she is available for information, advice, and problem resolution. He regards the group as a "huge kutumbh," or extended family. As a result, "rather than yelling, he places a hand on the shoulder and explains." Thus, Singh and Bhandarkar's Karta leadership model echoes Sinha's Nurturant Task Leadership Model.

Enlightened Leadership Model in Four Steps (Sharma, 1995)

This leadership paradigm identifies four phases in terms of Robot, Manager, Leader, and Enlightened Leader. The following traits of an enlightened leader have been identified

  • A wise leader balances vision, goal, and action by using HOPE (Higher Order Purpose of Existence) ideals and a positive management strategy.

  • An enlightened leader combines yang and yin qualities, creating movements and performing organizations through people.

  • An enlightened leader performs effectively in adversity and catastrophe situations.

  • An enlightened leader responds effectively to radical and sea change situations.

  • An intelligent leader integrates leadership and management, symbolized by VEDA (Vision, Enlightenment, Devotion, and Action).

Yin-Trinity Leadership Model (Sharma, 1996)

This paradigm is based on the yin-trinity notion, symbolized by the feminine trinity of Laxmi, Saraswati, and Durga, who represent riches, wisdom, and power. According to the paradigm, the leader should use riches, expertise, and authority positively and for the company's and society's benefit. With the development of women's authority in the business sector, this leadership paradigm may emerge as a future model. The paradigm eliminates the male-centrism evident in many leadership models created by practitioners and researchers.

Mother Leadership Model (Banerjee, 1998)

Mother leadership is a comprehensive leadership paradigm. It refers to a "SELF-aware leader with a long-term vision who supports ideals and assists sustainability." The paradigm incorporates all known leadership styles: visionary, servant, wisdom, missionary, intuitive, value-based ethical-moral, proactive, and authority leadership. It is an integrated leadership approach based on the mother metaphor. As a result, it incorporates Nurturant - Task leadership into its composition. In this day and age of environmental issues, this metaphor is a powerful metaphor for the new leadership paradigm.

Worship Leadership Model (Chatterjee, 1998)

The worship leadership paradigm is based on the Karmayoga notion of 'work as worship.' Worship "indicates that when labor is done in the spirit of worship, the quality of work changes. Consequently, even mundane tasks are changed from a chore to an extraordinary reality ". Four roadmaps bring the leader to worship in the worship paradigm of leadership. "These are inner routes that all lead to the same place, which is the self." These are the paths of I discipline, (ii) righteousness, (iii) sacrifice, and (iv) transcendence. Transcendence is characterized in this paradigm as "a state of realization in activity." Worship provides circumstances for effortless effort, and leaders who practice it become inspirational examples.

Wisdom Leadership Concept (Chakraborty, 1999)

Chakraborty's paradigm of 'wisdom leadership' is founded in the ancient 'raj rishi' model, in which a leader has a touch of 'rishi' or the touch of holiness in all his deeds. Chakraborty claims, "From mythology to history, to the current day, this line of leadership growth has remained unbroken; from King Janak to Budha, Ashoka to Chandragupta, Vivekananda to Gandhi." Chakraborty regards the 'raj-rishi' notion as the archetypal Indian leadership approach. He gives actual evidence in the form of talks with renowned business executives to corroborate his theory, and he discovers that many of them practice the 'raj-rishi' paradigm in some form or another. The issue with such talks is that persons in power sometimes deliver socially acceptable replies. As a result, it is sometimes difficult to reach clear judgments regarding the underlying nature of leadership.


Ancient Indian scriptures also contain realistic conceptions of what nowadays refer to as governance, as well as governance, teaching, instruction, and organizational skills. Qualities of governance include the eternal truth tending to self-control and fundamental schooling that leads to intellectual fine-tuning with a mindset of inquiry and desire to learn, in contrast with fundamentals of advisor and complete collapse of such an undertaking, information sharing, distribution, and deployment of a strategy or plan. The fact that such ideas may be found in ancient Indian scriptures demonstrates the numerous parallels between individual perceptions and actions across history.