Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Nearly 1 billion people suffer from increased blood pressure, and 1 in every four is affected by increased blood pressure globally. At the same time, 70 percent of them remain untreated for most of their lives. In these figures, about half of the patients find out they are living with hyperpiesis much later in life. Hypertension is the same thing as high blood pressure or hyperpiesis, and it is one of the biggest reasons people die at a less age. Increased blood pressure can lead to many other heart illness symptoms, sometimes resulting in episodes and congestive heart failures. The arteries carry the blood vessels to the various human body organs. When the blood exerts pressure on the arteries during this process of distribution of oxygen, blood vessels, hormones, and other necessary nutrients lead to an increase in pressure level in blood. Pressure on the arteries may vary at different hours of the day and also depends on the person's daily activities; having increased blood pressure may exhaust the person very usually and affects the performance in many of the activities they are involved in daily life

Life With High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

The reason for increased blood pressure is when the arteries become thick, because of which the blood flowing through the arteries becomes faster, resulting in very high pressure of the blood vessels and requiring the heart to pump much faster than required. The condition affects a person for longer, from the 30s until the 60s- 70s. Blood pressure is categorized into two classifications, diastolic ad systolic, which depict the lowest recorded and highest recorded blood pressure during the measurement. In general, A normal person will have a blood pressure of around 120/80 mm Hg, while the blood pressure level of the person having increased blood pressure will be 140/90 mm Hg and further. Hyperpiesis situations are normal blood pressure, 120/80 mm Hg. Elevated blood pressure in which the diastolic remains 80 mm Hg and systolic varies from 120 -140 mm Hg, stage 1- hyperpiesis 130 -150/80-120 mm Hg and stage two hyperpiesis 140 -180/100-140 mm Hg. Due to the abnormal rise in blood pressure, the person may have congestive heart failure, nephron-related issues, and sometimes veins blasting. Such diseases may be natural or due to lifestyle errors, but when given, attention can be reduced by taking precautions, taking proper medication, and improving lifestyle. 130 -180/80-120 mm Hg.

Signs and Symptoms

In most cases, people would not notice much difference in their lifestyle. However, When a person feels tired more often, has shortness of breath, and has dizziness in his routine life, he may suffer from increased blood pressure. The person may feel anxiety and would sweat more in such cases.


Increased pressure in the arteries may tighten arteries, resulting in decreased blood flow from the heart to other human body organs. Having continuous and sudden hyperpiesis issues may end up having chest pain, which is said to be angina. An irregular heartbeat also develops the risk of congestive heart failure and sudden death. Also, it can harm other vital organs such as the liver and kidney.


Arterial hypertension is a chronic and complicated condition. The mismatch between the determinants of arterial blood pressure, namely minute cardiac output and total peripheral resistance, lies at the heart of its pathogenesis. Of course, both determinants are regulated by various parameters, including circulation volume, vascular characteristics, renal activity, salt consumption, and the neurohormonal system (in the foreground are mainly sympathetic activity, endothelin, nitric oxide, and the renin-angiotensin axis). -aldosterone ' Genetic predisposition, lifestyle, and pre-existing renal or hormonal illnesses (pheochromocytoma, Cushing's syndrome, etc.) all play a role in certain people. As a result, various processes (including vasoconstriction and vascular wall hypertrophy) result in increased cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, and, as a result, arterial blood pressure. Of course, this causes "damage to many organ systems" and pathological changes in their tissue structure. This process significantly contributes to the development of left ventricular hypertrophy and atherosclerosis, renal insufficiency, and so on.

Risk Factors

With the increase in age, a person is more prone to diagnose with hyperpiesis. Men are more likely to develop such conditions than women. The condition also depends upon the genetics of the person. A person having a family history is more prone to hyperpiesis. Having a bad-quality lifestyle is the biggest reason contributing to an unhealthy heart. Smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, lack of sleep, exercise, and poor eating habits are bad-quality lifestyles. A stressful mind leads to a sudden increase or decrease in blood pressure; hence the body must practice meditation and yoga to limit the stress and to overthink.


Hypertension or high blood pressure can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including

  • A stressful lifestyle, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, bad eating habits, excessive salt intake, smoking, consuming significant amounts of alcohol, sleep deprivation, lack of exercise, and so on.

  • Diabetes, kidney disease, lupus, hormone imbalances, scleroderma, and other medical conditions

  • Steroids, contraceptive pills, antidepressants, recreational drugs, anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen, and so on. When the medications are stopped, the blood pressure returns to normal.


Basic lifestyle changes can be the first step in managing hyperpiesis. Regular physical exercise for at least an hour to maintain hormonal balance and continuous blood flow. Also, by exercising, one can avoid being obese. Running, sports, cycling, yoga, swimming, etc., are activities to keep the heart healthy. In a study, stress was found to be a major factor in contributing to mental and physical conditions. Hence stress management will greatly impact the treatment of the condition. Avoid the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, and smoking. Several medications, like channel blockers, beta-blockers, and indapamide, cure high blood pressure. Have a balanced and healthy diet, and limit the intake of salt, sugar, and spices. Eating vegetables, fruits, and protein-rich food.


Hence, every body organ must function well to have a better lifestyle. The heart, the most important organ of the human body, may have several issues that may even result in taking one's life. Looking after the blood pressure of the body is the most basic step for well being of the heart and the body. Changing one's lifestyle, making themself involved in self-caring activities, and avoiding bad habits is the first step in investing in your health.