How to Count Carbs for Better Blood Sugar Control?

Carb tracking is an essential part of diabetic management. Checking product labels and studying nutrition information to determine how many units of carbs are in a portion of the item you’re consuming, then maintaining a note of the overall grams ingested in every meal to accomplish a targeted objective, are all of the disciplines.

Many people with diabetes count carbohydrates to aid them in managing their blood sugar levels, which may also benefit them −

  • Maintain your wellness for a more extended period of time.

  • They will feel healthier, and their standard of living will rise.

  • Diabetes consequences like kidney failure, eye problems, heart disease, and strokes can be avoided or delayed.

If you use timed insulin, you will need to measure carbohydrates to balance your insulin dosage to the number of carbs within your meals and beverages. If the blood sugar is more than the goal after eating, you might need more insulin.

Advantages of Carb Counting

  • Carb counting might be helpful for individuals who want to adopt a low-carb regimen.

  • The nutritional information on packaged meals makes it simple to calculate carbohydrates.

  • Having a goal carb amount in mind gives you a concrete gauge of what to consume.

Disadvantages of Carb Counting

  • Regular monitoring of carbs may not always imply a balanced diet.

  • It can be simpler to depend on packaged goods with nutritional labeling rather than on whole foods such as berries and veggies, which do not mention carbohydrates.

  • Not all meals include carbs, yet some can be heavy in fats, like steaks or ham, which might be difficult to monitor if you measure carbs.

The message is that while carb tracking could be a beneficial strategy to regulate blood sugar and also makes it easier to visualize and monitor your consumption, the value of the carbohydrates you consume is essential. For the most significant effects, limit your carbohydrate intake to more excellent quality. Reduce processed meals like cereals, frozen fruits, and veggies.

Carb Counting

Tracking carbohydrates is an efficient strategy to control your daily carb consumption and prevent blood sugar from rising. This may help limit your carb intake by following these simple guidelines −

  • Carbohydrate-containing foods included starches, fruits, vegetables, milk products, legumes, and desserts. Most persons having type 2 diabetes must limit their carb intake to between 45g and 60g each meal.

  • Add up the grams of carbs per dish for goods with nutritional labeling and, generally, keep with one portion size. This must be considered if you consume more than a single dose.

  • When there are no nutritional labels on items, use a diabetes substitution table to approximate the number of carbs. For instance, one tiny bit of fresh fruit has roughly 15g of carbs.

Recall to account for carbs in drinks. Fresh fruits and alcoholic beverages, for example, are high in carbohydrates.

Types of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are classified into three types −

  • Sugars, whether simple sugars are found in fruits and dairy or artificial sugars, are found in sodas and numerous other processed meals.

  • Bread, cereals, and other grains; starchy foods like corn, dry legumes, and chickpeas.

  • Fiber is a non-digestible component of plant foods that assists you in staying fit.

Sweeteners and carbohydrates boost blood sugar levels, whereas fiber does not.

Steps you should follow

  • Determine your personalized goal. Keep in mind that people’s requirements are unique. Pick a carb aim for yourself alongside your health professionals, involving a qualified dietician and a medical practitioner. Then, become comfortable with portion sizes, nutritional labels, and the carb counts of main meals to maintain a daily list. For instance, if your carbohydrate goal is 45g each meal, you’ll have to total up the overall carb content of your food items so that you don’tdon’t go above 45g.

  • Gather some tools, practice label identification, and begin looking up nutritional statistics here on USDA’sUSDA’s nutrient component databases to determine precisely how many grams of carbs are in a portion of the food you consume.

  • Maintaining a constant carb count might be challenging to remember; that is when starting a dietary notebook where one can note the carb consumption for every meal, and snacking can be beneficial. For some, a notepad and pencil are the ideal options; for others, maintaining a digital record on their smartphone or utilizing an application might be more convenient.

  • Net carb g may be found on the nutritional information label of processed goods. You may always use the chart or a carb-counting application to determine the g of carbohydrates in meals and beverages. While reading the labeling, keep the advised portion size just above the Nutrition Information label in mind. That amount should inform you of the exact amount you will be consuming and how to track those carbohydrates properly.

  • Carbohydrate tracking may appear intimidating, but it is only a technique to help you practice careful eating. Avoid getting too caught up in the figures if they make you anxious over whatever you are having: instead, strive for a broad goal range and prioritize cereals, complex carbohydrates, and seasonal fruits and vegetables. 

  • To maintain the blood sugar rates stable during the day, attempt to consume a similar number of carbohydrates at every meal; optional whether you have multiple daily doses. Take a quick or brief insulin at lunchtime to equal the number of carbohydrates you take.


Carbohydrate tracking is one method of assisting a person with diabetes in managing high blood sugar levels.

Individuals having type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, should not substitute carb tracking for professional therapy. Please consult with a physician or dietitian to determine an appropriate quantity of daily carbs for a person’s requirements.

My suggested Carb-counting Apps

  • MyFitnessPal, an all-purpose diet and workout monitoring software, provide a simple method to enter regular meals and maintain a record of carb, protein, fats, and nutrient consumption. App alerts serve as handy recalls to input your daily food selections. The software is entirely free to install and use.

  • Carb management is an easy-to-use carb monitor that helps you account for above 1m items. Check over the statistics using convenient graph analysis, and allow entry to almost 1k low-carb recipes. Carb Manager also synchronizes with the majority of activity trackers. The software is free to install and use, but you can pay for extra features.

Updated on: 20-Jan-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started