How to become a Prime Minister of India?

Prime Minister in India is the real head of the Executive. S/he is the nucleus of the government. In a Parliamentary setup of government like India, it is the Prime Minister who acts as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. There are many who aspire to be the Prime Minister of India.

The important point to understand is that the Executive is an integral part of Legislature in the Union as well as State government in India. Here are some points that will help us understand the eligibility and criteria (the qualifications) for the same:

  • Citizenship − S/he has to be a citizen of India.

  • Age − Any person who wants to be the PM of India should be above 25 years of age.

  • Member of Parliament − The person should be an elected member of either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. The incumbent Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is a member of Lok Sabha from the Varanasi constituency whereas the former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh was a Member of Rajya Sabha from Assam. Thus, the person has to mandatory be a Member of Parliament and if s/ he becomes the PM without the membership, the same has to be acquired within a period of six months.

It is surprising that educational qualifications are not considered extremely important for the post of Member of Parliament and eventually getting the elevation to the post of Ministers in the executive

There are also some points mentioned in the Constitution that are considered to be disqualification to hold the post of the Prime Minister of India −

  • An office of Profit should not be held at the time of assuming the post.

  • The person should be of sound mind.

  • The person should not be an undischarged insolvent.

  • The person should be disqualified further by any such law eventually made by the Parliament.

A prime minister has to be capable, charismatic and dynamic owing to the tedious post that is held by him/ her. Following are the major roles and responsibilities once a person becomes the Prime Minister:


One of the major responsibilities of the Prime Minister is that the portfolios of different ministers are assigned to under PM’s leadership and the successful functioning of the Council of Ministers depends on this.

Leads the Party in Lok Sabha

The Prime Minister is the leader of the Party that forms Majority in Lok Sabha. Thus, s/ he is responsible for all the actions of the party and its member in delivering good governance and sound administration to the country.

Policy Decisions

After the 42nd Amendment, all the laws and policies are passed under the name of the President of India only on the aid and advice of Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. Thus, policymakers from the soul of the Prime Minister’s areas of responsibilities.