The token bus network is a network protocol used to transmit data. In a token bus network, a virtual ring is formed between nodes/stations and token is transferred from one station to another in a sequential manner. Each node in the token bus network knows the successor and predecessor address and can transmit data if it has the token.
A token ring network is similar to the token bus network but it works around the physical ring instead of a virtual ring. A token is passed from one node to another in a sequential manner and each node can transfer data when it has the token.
The following are some of the important differences between Token Bus Network and the Token Ring Network.
|Sr. No.||Key||Token Bus Network||Token Ring Network|
|1||Ring Type||In the Token Bus network, token rotates within a virtual ring of nodes.||In the Token Ring network, token rotates within an actual ring of nodes.|
|2||Usage||Token Bus network is used in large factories.||A token ring network is used in offices.|
|3||IEEE Standard||Token Bus Network is part of IEEE 802.4 standards.||Token Ring Network is part of IEEE 802.5 standards.|
|4||Bandwidth Capacity||Token Bus network provides high bandwidth.||Token Ring network bandwidth is lesser as compared to Token Bus network bandwidth.|
|5||Network Topology||Token Bus network uses Bus topology.||Token Ring network uses Star topology.|
|6||Maximum Response Time||The maximum time to reach the last station in the Token Bus network is not easy to calculate.||The maximum time to reach the last station in the Token Ring network can be calculated easily.|