Coping Strategies: Meaning and Tips

Life is full of stress. We cope with it, live with it, and most importantly, we worry about it. Our way of life, the neighbourhood where we live, the economy, and our work all have the potential to be quite stressful. There are numerous elements that can have an effect on our lives and change our stress levels, as not everyone deals with the same amount of stress.

Stress and Coping Strategies − Overview

Stress, which is a person's response to a need or circumstance, is most commonly brought on by anxiety. It can be approached from a positive or negative angle, such as while planning a wedding or dealing with a tragedy like a death. We, humans, must experience one of the two types of stress since we are subjected to a variety of situations in one way or another. It can occasionally be advantageous because it can help one gain the guts and abilities to handle life's challenging situations.

On the other hand, it can be unhelpful when a person becomes under its influence and messes up his own life or the lives of his neighbours. The main sources of stress in our life are connected to our workplaces. Some of the typical responses to stressful circumstances include shock, experiencing a great deal of irritation, rage, tension, losing appetite, or even using hard narcotics. Consequently, managing and coping with stress aims to control a person's level of stress, mostly in order to improve daily performance and activities.

Coping Strategies

You might be challenged by a few typical coping techniques:

  • Reduce your standards.

  • Request assistance or help from others.

  • Accept accountability for the circumstance.

  • Solve problems by yourself.

  • Keep up relationships that are empathetic.

  • Keeping emotional composure is preferable to expressing unpleasant feeling

  • Question any beliefs you had believed that are no longer useful.

  • Make a direct effort to alter the stressor.

Ways of Coping with Stress

There are several strategies to handle stress, including confronting (facing), distancing (remoteness), self−control, enlisting social support, accepting responsibility, escaping or avoiding (the stressor), planning a solution to a problem, and positive reappraisal.

The two main types of coping that are typically observed are −

  • Instrumental coping

  • Emotional coping

The goal of instrumental coping is to concentrate on the issue at hand and find a solution. The sentiments brought on by the problem are more focused on emotional coping.

Self−help methods, do−it−yourself strategies, diets and weight loss clinics, nutritious foods, and physical activity are all receiving a lot of media attention today. In fact, people are becoming more accountable for keeping themselves healthy. Yet, the following are some particular methods to reduce or better manage the inevitable, protracted stress:


To manage stress, it's important to do regular physical activity like walking, jogging, swimming, riding a bike, playing softball, and tennis.


The goal of relaxation is to either end the immediately unpleasant condition or more skilfully handle a protracted stressful situation. This can be accomplished by simply relaxing occasionally or by using particular relaxation techniques like biofeedback or meditation. The phrase "taking it easy" can refer to doing anything from relaxing in an easy chair with a nice book to watching a light show on television or listening to soft music. Scientific research has shown that meditation is a very effective stress−reduction technique for both the body and the mind.

Behavioural self−control

People can develop self−control by consciously controlling the causes and effects of their own behaviour. People can learn to control their own behaviour in addition to becoming more conscious of their limits and the "red lights" that indicate trouble. They can stay away from people or circumstances that they are aware will make them anxious.

Stress levels rise as a result of unfavourable coping mechanisms, rigid coping mechanisms, or reliance on a single type of coping mechanism. Support from others lessens the impact of stress. Individuals can help relieve stress by offering assistance, counsel, material support, or moral support.

Why is it crucial to develop coping skills?

While you work to maintain a positive self−image and emotional balance, coping typically requires adjusting to or enduring bad events or situations. Coping takes place in the context of perceived stressful life transitions. Negative life changes, including losing a job or a loved one, are frequently linked to psychological stress. But every shift calls for some kind of adaptation. Even good transitions, like getting married or having a child, can be nerve−wracking.

Because we must adapt and adjust to changes, changes can be stressful. The perception that we are not in control of circumstances is frequently brought on by too many changes occurring quickly. Low self−esteem and the potential emergence of anxiety or depression are both influenced by this perspective. When a person's capacity for change is overloaded by too much change, physical ailments may occasionally arise or worsen.

Coping entails learning to cope with unexpected demands or pressures. To accomplish this, more work and energy must be expended than is typical for daily activities. Long−term mobilisation of effort can lead to increased levels of hormones connected to stress as well as ultimate physical breakdown and sickness.


Coping is a process rather than an outcome, experts generally concur. To deal with a stressful experience, you can switch between a few of the coping mechanisms mentioned above.

Different people have different coping mechanisms, or they favour some coping techniques over others. These coping style variations typically correspond to personality variances. Flexibility in coping, or the capacity to adjust the best coping technique to the needs of various situations, is more likely to be beneficial than rigidity in coping.

Updated on: 07-Nov-2023


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