Aligning elements using the position property in CSS

CSSWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

We can align elements using the CSS positioning schema methods (fixed, relative, absolute and static) and properties (left, right, top and bottom).

Example

Let’s see an example to align elements using the positioning schema −

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Alignment using CSS Position</title>
<style>
.screen {
   padding: 10px;
   width: 70%;
   margin: 0 auto;
   background-color: #f06d06;
   text-align: center;
   color: white;
   border-radius: 0 0 50px 50px;
   border: 4px solid #000;
}
.backSeats div{
   margin: 10px;
   padding: 10px;
   color: white;
   border: 4px solid #000;
   background-color: #dc3545;
}
.rightAbsolute{
   position: absolute;
   right: 0px;
   top: 80px;
}
.backLeftSeat{
   background-color: #dc3545;
   max-height: 100px;
   height: 70px;
   margin: 20px;
   width: 300px;
   display: inline-block;
   position: relative;
   resize: vertical;
   overflow: auto;
   border: 4px solid #000;
}
.withPosition{
   position: absolute;
   top: 50%;
   left: 20px;
   right: 20px;
   color: white;
   padding: 20px;
   transform: translateY(-50%);
}
</style></head>
<body>
<div class="screen">Screen</div>
<div class="backLeftSeat">
<div class="withPosition">Premium Readjustable Sofa</div>
</div>
<div class="backSeats">
<div class="rightAbsolute">Premium Absolute Positioned Seat</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

Example

Let’s see another example to align elements using the positioning schema −

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
div {
   border: 2px double #a43356;
   margin: 5px;
   padding: 5px;
}
#d1 {
   position: relative;
   height: 10em;
}
#d2 {
   position: absolute;
   width: 20%;
   bottom: 10px; /*relative to parent d1*/
}
#d3 {
   position: fixed;
   width: 30%;
   top:10em; /*relative to viewport*/
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="d1">In HBase, tables are split into regions and are served by the region servers. Regions are vertically divided by column families into “Stores”. Stores are saved as files in HDFS. HBase has three major components: the client library, a master server, and region servers. Region servers can be added or removed as per requirement.<mark>relative</mark>
<div id="d2"><mark>absolute</mark></div>
<div id="d3"><mark>fixed</mark></div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Output

This will produce the following output −

raja
Published on 07-Jan-2020 15:21:02
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