9 Ways to Ease the Itch of Chronic Hives

What is a Chronic hive?

Urticaria, often known as hives (ur-tih-KAR-e-uh), is a skin reaction that causes itching welts. Chronic hives are those that stay longer than six weeks and commonly reoccur throughout months or years. The cause of chronic hives is frequently unknown.

Hives that linger long can be unpleasant and impair sleep and everyday activities. Anti-itch medications, often known as antihistamines, provide relief for many individuals.

Symptoms of Chronic Hive

  • Clusters of welts (wheals) can appear anywhere on the body. Depending on your skin tone, these welts may be red, purple, or skin-colored.

  • Size and shape variable, repeatedly appearing and fading welds

  • Itching, or pruritus, can be very bad.

  • Heat, exercise, or stress-related flare-ups of angioedema symptoms cause painful swelling around the lips, cheeks, or eyes that lasts longer than six weeks, returns frequently, and occasionally lasts for months or years.

Causes of Chronic Hives

Histamine and other immune system chemicals are released into the bloodstream during hives, causing welts. Both the reasons why short-term packs may turn into long-term problems and the causes of chronic hives are commonly unknown.

The following may cause the cutaneous reaction −

  • Warmth or cold

  • Sun vibrations, such as those caused by running or operating lawnmowers

  • Skin pressure, such as that brought on by having a small waist,

  • infections incorporate cancer, disease, sensitivities, and thyroid infection


  • Safeguards required to diminish your hazard of creating hives or angioedema include −

  • Abstain from recognized triggers. Try to avoid the chemical if you know what causes your hives.

  • Take a shower and freshen up. Take a bath or wash and change into fresh clothing if you have previously experienced hives after coming into contact with pollen or animals.


You may not need therapy if your symptoms are minor. Angioedema and hives frequently go away on their own. However, treatment can relieve severe itching, excruciating discomfort, or lingering symptoms.


  • Anti-itch medication −  The primary treatment for hives and angioedema is nonsedating antihistamines. These medications help to alleviate swelling, itching, and other allergic symptoms. Both nonprescription and prescription versions are offered.

  • Immune system suppressing medications − If antihistamines are ineffective, your doctor could recommend a drug that might quiet a hyperactive immune system.

  • Hereditary angioedema medications −  You might be given medicine if you have a genetic form of angioedema to treat your symptoms and keep blood levels of particular proteins normal, which do not cause symptoms.

  • Medicines that reduce inflammation  A brief course of an oral corticosteroid medication, such as prednisone, may be prescribed by doctors for severe hives or angioedema to lessen swelling, rash, and itching.

Emergency circumstances

You might visit the emergency hospital and get an epinephrine crisis infusion if you encounter serious hives or angioedema. Your specialist may encourage you to carry a pen-like gadget that will empower you to self-inject epinephrine in crises if you've had a critical assault or in case your assaults proceed after treatment.

Home Made Remedies

These suggestions might help you feel better if you have mild hives or angioedema −

  • Avoid triggers −  Examples include foods, medications, pollen, pet dander, latex, and insect stings. Stop taking the drug you think is the cause of your rash, and then get in touch with your primary care physician. Numerous studies have suggested that stress or tiredness may trigger hives.

  • Use an over-the-counter anti-itch medication  Oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl Allergy), loratadine (Alavert Allergy), cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy), or loratadine (Alavert, Claritin, among others), are available over-the-counter and may help alleviate itching. Think about whether you prefer one that doesn't make you sleepy. Discuss options with your chemist.

  • Apply ice −  The skin can be soothed and prevented from scratching by using an ice cube or covering the affected region with a cold washcloth.

  • Take a relaxing, chilly bath −  In a cold shower or bath, you can get relief from itching. Bathing with chilly water seasoned with baking soda or oat powder may also benefit some people (Aveeno, others), but this is not a long-term cure for chronic itching.

  • Put on loose, smooth-textured cotton clothing −  It is not advisable to dress in clothing that is constricting, itchy, abrasive, or made of wool.

  • Sun protection for your skin −  Preferably a half-hour before heading outside, liberally apply sunscreen. When outdoors, look for shade to help you feel more comfortable.

  • Apply a cold compress to the irritated skin several times daily  such as ice cubes wrapped in a wash cloth, unless the cold makes you break out in hives.

  • Schedule a discussion with a board-certified essential care doctor −  dermatologist, or allergist. A specialist should still be seen, even though most of those with hives are healthy.

  • A complete medical examination  Can assist in excluding potential causes, such as an illness or medication, that may result in your hives.


Diseases like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or a thyroid disorder may also bring hives. Medical tests can identify or rule out these factors if symptoms point to them as a potential cause.

In addition to foods, insect bites, and pressure on the skin, hives can also be brought on by medications and medical problems. Sometimes, the cause cannot be determined.

Updated on: 02-Aug-2023


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