8 Common Types of Rashes and What They Look Like

A rash is a change in the skin's color or texture that affects its appearance. Rashes can be caused by different factors, including infections, allergies, autoimmune disorders, and other medical conditions. Some common symptoms of a rash include itching, redness, and swelling.

The appearance and location of a rash can often provide important clues about its underlying cause, but a definitive diagnosis usually requires a medical evaluation. If you have a rash, it's best to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

8 Common Types of Rashes

Some skin conditions, such as athlete's foot, can be treated, the majority are either persistent or recurrent. They can be sparked by anything, from perfume to the weather. Read through this article to learn about the 8 most common types of rashes and what they look like.

Athlete's Foot

The Athlete's foot is also known as Tinea pedis. It is a fungal infection of the skin on the feet. It is a common condition that can cause itching, redness, and scaling of the skin, particularly between the toes. Risk factors for developing an athlete’s foot include wearing tight-fitting shoes, sweating excessively, and having a weakened immune system.

The condition can be treated with over-the-counter antifungal creams, powders, or sprays. Wearing breathable shoes, and avoiding walking barefoot in public areas can also help prevent the spread of the fungus.


Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent form of eczema, and the two terms are frequently used interchangeably to refer to the same skin condition. Psoriasis symptoms are frequently confused with those of atopic dermatitis; however, they are distinct. Both can result in red, raised, and itchy patches on the hands and scalp, but eczema typically comes with severe itching.

Triggers for eczema can include various environmental factors, such as hot weather, or reaction with certain products, such as chemicals or detergents.


A highly contagious viral infection that causes a skin rash over the entire body and flu-like symptoms. The rash spreads from the face down the body three to five days after the first symptoms appear, and symptoms include fever, sore throat, red, watery eyes, loss of appetite, cough, and runny nose. Depending on the skin tone, the rash may be red, skin-colored, or darker than the natural skin color.


It's a transmittable disease that can cause an itchy, blister-like rash among other symptoms. The rash first appears on the face, chest & back and then spreads over the entire body. Clusters of blisters that are itchy, red, and filled with fluid spread all over the body, and on darker skin tones they can be red, the same color as the skin, or a little darker; grey scabs, fever, body aches, sore throat, and loss of appetite accompany the rash, which is contagious until all blisters have crusted over.


It's a painful rash that may burn, tingle, or itch, even if there are no blisters, clusters of fluid-filled blisters that break easily and weep fluid rash emerges in a band-like pattern and is most common on the torso, but it can also occur on the face. It may be accompanied by low fever, chills, headache, or fatigue.


A rash brought on by a fungal infection is known as ringworm of the body (tinea corporis). Typically, it appears as a circular, itchy rash with clearer skin in the middle. Ringworm gets its name from how it looks, and there is no actual worm here. Ringworm is typically spread through direct contact with an infected person or animal.

Fifth Disease

It's also known as slapped cheek disease. A round, bright red rash on the cheeks is more common in children than in adults, but it may be less noticeable in darker skin tones. A lacy-patterned rash may appear on the arms, legs, and upper body, and it may be more visible after a hot shower or bath. Other symptoms include headache, fatigue, low fever, sore throat, diarrhoea, and nausea.


This disease, rosacea consists of a wide range of symptoms such as facial flushing, raised red bumps, facial redness, skin dryness, and skin sensitivity. On darker skin tones, brown or yellowish-brown bumps may appear, and the rash can have a dusky coloration. It is a chronic skin disease that goes through cycles of fading and relapse. Relapses may be triggered by spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, sunlight, and stress.


Occasionally, a rash that itches will get better without a complicated treatment or medication from a doctor. However, a person should address a rash because it may be an early sign of a more serious long-term health issue. It is important to treat itchy rashes with seriousness, especially if they last a long time and have no known cause.

Talk to a doctor about how to treat the rash's mild pain with over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Due to the potential for adverse effects, these medications should not be taken for an extended period. Ask a healthcare practitioner, how long can you safely consume them. If you have liver or kidney disease or a history of stomach ulcers, you may not be able to take them.

Updated on: 10-Mar-2023


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