SQL - CARTESIAN or CROSS JOINS


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The CARTESIAN JOIN or CROSS JOIN returns the Cartesian product of the sets of records from two or more joined tables. Thus, it equates to an inner join where the join-condition always evaluates to either True or where the join-condition is absent from the statement.

Syntax

The basic syntax of the CARTESIAN JOIN or the CROSS JOIN is as follows −

SELECT table1.column1, table2.column2...
FROM  table1, table2 [, table3 ]

Example

Consider the following two tables.

Table 1 − CUSTOMERS table is as follows.

+----+----------+-----+-----------+----------+
| ID | NAME     | AGE | ADDRESS   | SALARY   |
+----+----------+-----+-----------+----------+
|  1 | Ramesh   |  32 | Ahmedabad |  2000.00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |  25 | Delhi     |  1500.00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |  23 | Kota      |  2000.00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |  25 | Mumbai    |  6500.00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |  27 | Bhopal    |  8500.00 |
|  6 | Komal    |  22 | MP        |  4500.00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |  24 | Indore    | 10000.00 |
+----+----------+-----+-----------+----------+

Table 2: ORDERS Table is as follows −

+-----+---------------------+-------------+--------+
|OID  | DATE                | CUSTOMER_ID | AMOUNT |
+-----+---------------------+-------------+--------+
| 102 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |           3 |   3000 |
| 100 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |           3 |   1500 |
| 101 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |           2 |   1560 |
| 103 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |           4 |   2060 |
+-----+---------------------+-------------+--------+

Now, let us join these two tables using INNER JOIN as follows −

SQL> SELECT  ID, NAME, AMOUNT, DATE
   FROM CUSTOMERS, ORDERS;

This would produce the following result −

+----+----------+--------+---------------------+
| ID | NAME     | AMOUNT | DATE                |
+----+----------+--------+---------------------+
|  1 | Ramesh   |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  1 | Ramesh   |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  1 | Ramesh   |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  1 | Ramesh   |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  2 | Khilan   |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  3 | kaushik  |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  4 | Chaitali |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  5 | Hardik   |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  6 | Komal    |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   3000 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   1500 | 2009-10-08 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   1560 | 2009-11-20 00:00:00 |
|  7 | Muffy    |   2060 | 2008-05-20 00:00:00 |
+----+----------+--------+---------------------+

sql-using-joins.htm

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