Java.io.StreamTokenizer.wordChars() Method

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Description

The java.io.StreamTokenizer.wordChars(int low, int hi) method specifies that all characters c in the range low <= c <= high are word constituents. A word token consists of a word constituent followed by zero or more word constituents or number constituents.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for java.io.StreamTokenizer.wordChars() method

public void wordChars(int low, int hi)

Parameters

  • low -- the low end of the range.

  • high -- the high end of the range.

Return Value

This method does not return a value.

Exception

  • NA

Example

The following example shows the usage of java.io.StreamTokenizer.wordChars() method.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.io.*;

public class StreamTokenizerDemo {

   public static void main(String[] args) {

      String text = "Hello. This is a text \n that will be split "
              + "into tokens. 1+1=2";
      try {
         // create a new file with an ObjectOutputStream
         FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("test.txt");
         ObjectOutputStream oout = new ObjectOutputStream(out);

         // write something in the file
         oout.writeUTF(text);
         oout.flush();

         // create an ObjectInputStream for the file we created before
         ObjectInputStream ois =
                 new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("test.txt"));

         // create a new tokenizer
         Reader r = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(ois));
         StreamTokenizer st = new StreamTokenizer(r);

         // set letters o- t as word chars
         st.wordChars('o', 't');

         // print the stream tokens
         boolean eof = false;
         do {

            int token = st.nextToken();

            switch (token) {
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF:
                  System.out.println("End of File encountered.");
                  eof = true;
                  break;
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_EOL:
                  System.out.println("End of Line encountered.");
                  break;
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_WORD:
                  System.out.println("Word: " + st.sval);
                  break;
               case StreamTokenizer.TT_NUMBER:
                  System.out.println("Number: " + st.nval);
                  break;
               default:

                  System.out.println((char) token + " encountered.");
                  if (token == '!') {
                     eof = true;
                  }
            }


         } while (!eof);


      } catch (Exception ex) {
         ex.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

Word: Hello.
Word: This
Word: is
Word: a
Word: text
Word: that
Word: will
Word: be
Word: split
Word: into
Word: tokens.
Number: 1.0
+ encountered.
Number: 1.0
= encountered.
Number: 2.0
End of File encountered.



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