Java.io.File.getParent() Method

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Description

The java.io.File.getParent() method returns the pathname string if this abstract path name's parent or null if this pathname does not name a parent directory.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for java.io.File.getParent() method:

public String getParent()

Parameters

  • NA

Return Value

This method returns pathname string of the parent directory named by this abstract pathname, or null if the pathname does not name a parent.

Exception

  • NA

Example

The following example shows the usage of java.io.File.getParent() method.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.io.File;

public class FileDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      
      File f = null;
      String v;
      boolean bool = false;
      
      try{
         // create new file
         f = new File("C:\\test.txt");
         
         // get file name or directory name
         v = f.getParent();
                  
         // true if the file path exists
         bool = f.exists();
         
         // if file exists
         if(bool)
         {
            // prints
            System.out.print("parent name: "+v);
         }
      }catch(Exception e){
         // if any error occurs
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result:

parent name: C:\



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